Skip to main content
 

Profile

Carol Grindem, DVM, PhD, DACVP

Professor, Pathology

Contact:

cbgrinde@ncsu.edu
Office: 919.513.6277
Lab: Clinical Pathology
Lab Phone: 919.513.6550
Lab Fax: 919.513.6556

Certifications
Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Pathology
Spontaneous Animal Disease Models
Bone marrow disorders
Platelet disorders
Diagnostic medicine

  • What’s your diagnosis?  Gallbladder aspirate from a     dog. Neel JA, Tarigo J, Grindem CB.  | Vet Clin Pathol  35:467-470, 2006.
  • Cellular composition of bronchial brushings obtained from healthy dogs and dogs with chronic cough and   cytologic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from dogs with chronic          cough. Hawkins EC, Rogala AR, Large EE, Bradley JM, Grindem CB.  | AJVR 67: 160-167, 2006.
  • Treatment of Conidiobolus sp. Pneumonia with itraconazole in a dog            receiving immunosuppressive therapy.Hawkins EC,  Grooters AM, Cowgill ES, Proulx DR, Davainis GM, Ruslander DM,           Grindem CB.  | J Vet Intern 20:1479-1482, 2006.
  • What is your diagnosis?  Reluctant to dive: coelomic effusion in a frog. Tarigo J, Linder K, Neel J, Harvey S, Remick A, Grindem C.  | Vet Clin Pathol 35:341-344, 2006
  • What is your diagnosis?  Urine Cytology from a             Chihuahua. Pallatto V, Wood M, Grindem C.  | Vet Clin Pathol  34:425-428, 2005.
  • Molecular identification of Ehrlichia ewingii infection in dogs:  15 cases (1997-2001). Goodman RA, Hawkins EC, Olby NJ, Grindem CB, Hegarty B, Breitschwerdt EB.  | JAVMA 222:1102-1107, 2003.
  • Extensive cutaneous metastases in             a dog with duodenal adenocarcinoma. Juopperi TA, Cesta M, Tomlinson L, Grindem CB.  | Vet Clin Pathol 32:88-91, 2003.
  • Clinical application of reticulocyte counts in dogs and cats.Cowgill ES, Neel JA, Grindem CB (2003). | Vet Clin North Am [ [Small Anim Pract] 33: 1223-2344.
  • (2002). Cytology of bone marrow.Grindem CB, Neel JA, Juopperi TA | Vet Clin North Am [Small Anim Pract] 32(6):1313 1374.
  • (2002). Peritoneal fluid. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds.DeHeer HL, Parry BW, Grindem CB | Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 127-162.
  • (2002). Pleural fluid. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds.DeHeer HL, Parry BW, Grindem CB | Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 107-126.
  • (2002). The gastrointestinal tract. In: Cowell RL, RD Tyler eds.Grindem CB, DeHeer HL | Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse 2nd ed. Mosby's, St. Louis, MO, pp 87-98.
  • (2000): Acute myeloid leukemia. In: BF Feldman, JG Zinkl, NC Jain eds.Grindem C.B. | Schalm's Veterinary Hematology, 5th ed., Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Philadelphia, pp 717-726
  • (2000). Thrombocytopenia-Infectious and Immune Mediated.Grindem C.B. | In: Kirk's Veterinary Therapy XII, ed JD Bonagura, WB Saunders Co. Philadelphia, pp. 438-442.
  • (2000). Laboratory evaluation of renal function.Neel J.A., C.B. Grindem | (Invited) Vet Med 95:555-566.
  • (2000). Interpretation of electrolytes, TCO2, and anion gap in clinical practice.Andrews J.M., C.B. Grindem | (Invited submission). Vet Med 95:548-553.
  • (2000). Clinical interpretation of a complete blood cell count.Barger A.M., C.B. Grindem | (Invited submission) Vet Med 95:534-547.
  • (1999). Platelet associated immunoglobulin (antiplated antibody) in canine rocky Mountain spotted fever and ehrlichiosis.Grindem C.B., E.B. Breitschwerdt, P.C. Perkins, L.D. Cullins, T.J. Thomas, B.T. Hegarty | J Am Anim Hosp. Assoc 35:56-61.
  • (1998). Immunophenotypic comparison of blood, bone marrow and lymph node from dogs with lymphoma.Grindem C.B., R.L. Page, B.E. Ammerman, E.B. Breitschwerdt | Vet Clin Pathol 27(1):16-20.
  • Classification of myeloproliferative diseases (1997).Grindem, C.B. | In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine Volume III. Ed, R August. WB Saunders Co pp 449-508.
  • Blood cell markers (1996).Grindem, C.B. | Vet Clin North Am (Small Anim Pract). 26:1043-1064.
  • (1995). Evaluation of three cytometric methods for reticulocyte enumeration and differentiation in the cat.Perkins, P.C., C.B. Grindem | Vet Clin Pathol 24:37-43.
  • (1991). Proposed criteria for classification of acute myeloid leukemia in dogs and cats.Jain, N.C., J.T. Blue, C.B. Grindem, et al. | Vet Clin Pathol 20:63-82.
  • (1991). Epidemiologic survey of thrombocytopenia in dogs. A report of 987 cases.Grindem, C.B., E.B. Breitschwerdt, W.T. Corbett, and H.E. Jans | Vet Clin Pathol 20:38-43.
  • (1990). Platelet aggregation in dogs experimentally infected with Rickettsia rickettsii.Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, M.G. Levy, M.G. Davidson, and E. Breitschwerdt | Vet Clin Pathol 19:25-28.
  • (1990). Risk factors for Haemobartonella felis infection in cats.Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, M.T. Tomkins | JAVMA 196:96-99.
  • (1989). Bone marrow biopsy and evaluation.Grindem, C.B. | Vet Clin North Am 19:669-696.
  • (1989). Seroepidemiologic survey of feline immunodeficiency virus infection in cats in Wake County, North Carolina.Grindem, C.B., W.T. Corbett, B.E. Ammerman, M.T. Tomkins | JAVMA 194:226-228.
  • (1985). Morphological classification and clinical and pathological characteristics of spontaneous leukemia in 10 cats.Grindem, C.B., V. Perman, and J.B. Stevens | JAAHA 21:227-236.
  • Comparison of automated versus manual neutrophil counts for the detection of cellular abnormalities in dogs receiving chemotherapy:  50 cases (May to June 2008).  Cora MC, Neel JA, Grindem CB, Kissling GE, Hess PR.  | JAVMA 242:1539-1543, 2013.
  • Effect of a combined aspiration and core technique on quality of core bone marrow specimens. Reeder JP, Hawkins EC, Cora MC, Marks SL, Grindem CB.  | J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 49:16-22, 2013.
  • Comparison of manual polychromatophilic cell and automated reticulocyte quantification in evaluating regenerative response in response in anemic dogs. Collicutt NB, Grindem CB, Neel JA.  | Vet Clin Pathol 41(2):256-260, 2012
  • A case of enzootic nasal adenocarcinoma in a ewe.  Stowe DA, Anderson K,L Guy JS, Linder KE, Grindem CB.  | Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, Hindawi Publishing Corp.  Volume 2012, Article ID 347193, 4 pages, doi:10.1155/2012/347193.
  • Thrombocytosis:  a retrospective study of 165 dogs. Neel JA, Snyder L, Grindem CB.  | Vet Clin Pathol 41(2):216-222, 2012.
  • Pathology in Practice. Marks DA, Birkenheuer AJ, Grindem CB.  | Large unnamed  Babesia species.  JAVMA 241(8):1029-1031, 2012.
  • Hematological changes after total body irradiation and autologous transplantation of hematopoietic peripheral blood progenitor cells in dogs with lymphoma. Escobar C, Grindem C, Neel J, Suter S.  | Vet Pathol 49:341-343, 2012.
  • Learning Style Profiles of 150 Veterinary Medical Students. Neel J, Grindem C.  | J Vet Med Ed 37:347-352, 2010.
  • What is your diagnosis?  Urine crystals in a dog. Escobar C, Grindem CB.  | Vet Clin Pathol 39:513-514, 2010.
  • What is your diagnosis?  Particulate material in peritoneal fluid from a dog.  Renschler J, Tarigo J, Neel J, Grindem C.  | Vet Clin Pathol  37(1):129-132, 2008.
  • Introduction and evaluation of virtual microscopy in teaching veterinary cytopathology. Neel JA, Grindem CB, Bristol DG.  | J Vet Med Ed 34(4):437-444, 2007.
  • Deep and superficial skin scrapings from a feline immunodeficiency virus-poistive cat. Neel JA, Tarigo J, Tater KC, Grindem CB.  | Vet Clin Pathol 36(1):101-104, 2007.
  • Classification of myeloproliferative diseases (1997).Grindem, C.B. | In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine Volume III. Ed, R August. WB Saunders Co pp 449-508.
  • Blood cell markers (1996).Grindem, C.B. | Vet Clin North Am (Small Anim Pract). 26:1043-1064.
  • (1991). Proposed criteria for classification of acute myeloid leukemia in dogs and cats.Jain, N.C., J.T. Blue, C.B. Grindem, et al. | Vet Clin Pathol 20:63-82.
  • Clinical application of reticulocyte counts in dogs and cats.Cowgill ES, Neel JA, Grindem CB (2003). | Vet Clin North Am [ [Small Anim Pract] 33: 1223-2344.