COVID-19 Update: The NC State Veterinary Hospital is expanding services, but still only seeing a limited number of cases at this time. Click to learn more about appointments.

Current Eligibility Criteria


  1. P/F grades:  NC State will allow a Pass in P/F or Satisfactory in the S/U grading systems for prerequisites completed in Spring or Summer 2020
    • courses submitted in the P/F or S/U scale will not be factored into the Required Course GPA calculation
  2. GRE:  NC State has waived the GRE General Test for the 2021 admissions cycle
    • If you have already taken the test, please do not send scores to NC State directly or to NC State via VMCAS.  A decision about requiring the GRE for the 2022 admissions cycle will be made in Fall 2020.
  3. LORs: NC State will continue to require three (3) letters of recommendations. Additionally, we still highly recommend that 2 of 3 letters come from DVMs or PhD scientists with whom you have worked.
  4. Experience Hours: NC State will continue to require 200 hours of veterinary experience hours for the 2021 admissions cycle.

Letter grades with at least a C- or better will be required in all semesters following Spring and Summer 2020 as long as COVID-19 restrictions have been lifted.   A “Pass” or “Satisfactory” grade for a prerequisite taken in Spring or Summer 2020 will be accepted in any future admissions cycle.

Please contact the Student Services Office at if you have any questions about these changes.

The following regulations and criteria are used to evaluate applicants for the upcoming admission cycle. In order to be considered for admission, prospective applicants are responsible for familiarizing themselves with and meeting the criteria listed.

Candidates are considered academically qualified for review if they meet the following minimum academic standards at time of application:


Grade Point Average

North Carolina Residents


Cumulative GPA



Required Course GPA



Last 45 Credit Hours GPA



The Cumulative GPA includes all college courses.

The GPA for the Last 45 credit hours goes back a semester at a time. If a student completed 44 credit hours in his/her final three semesters, the College of Veterinary Medicine would go back 4 semesters to calculate the last 45 credit hours, meaning it may be calculated for 46 hours or more. The Last 45 GPA includes all post- secondary coursework (undergraduate, graduate, professional school, etc.).

Determine your GPA using the following conversions:

A+ = 4.0

A = 4.0

A- = 3.7

B+ = 3.3

B = 3.0

B- = 2.7

C+ = 2.3

C = 2.0

C- = 1.7

D+ = 1.3

D = 1.0

D- = 0.7

F = 0.0

Multiply the numeric grade equivalent by the number of credits for the course to obtain the quality points. Divide the total quality points by the total number of credits to determine the respective grade point average.

Applicant GPA are not rounded. For example, a 2.99 Cumulative GPA for a resident or a 3.39 Cumulative GPA for a non-resident does not meet the requirement. Grades achieved in multiple course attempts will be calculated into the Required Course GPA, Overall GPA and Last 45 Hour GPA (if applicable). In other words, the lower grade(s) is/are calculated into the GPA (not dropped).

Alternative GPA Criteria – North Carolina Residents Only

In certain cases, applicants who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement (in one GPA category) may be considered for admission based on alternative evidence of academic qualification as determined by the Faculty Committee on Admissions. This classification helps identify applicants who may have had some impediment (medical issue, family illness, unrelated major) to meeting minimum academic standards. It is incumbent on the applicant to provide evidence of academic strength (usually a stronger Last 45 GPA or Required Course GPA) while detailing what strengths he or she would bring to the admitted class in light of the overall academic record.

Consideration under “Alternative Eligibility”  applies only to the GPA requirement (in one GPA category) and not the other admissions requirements (C- or better in required courses, no more than two required courses remaining in the spring semester of the admissions cycle, lack of prerequisites, etc.).

Applicants should determine their own grade point averages in all three categories (Required Course, Last 45 and Overall) before submitting an application. To determine a GPA, simply divide the total quality points by the total number of credits using the grade conversion chart listed above.

Applicants must complete the required courses at an accredited college or university. Required courses (with the exception of AP classes) must be completed for a letter grade. The letter grade for a required course must be a “C-” or higher. If an applicant needs to repeat a course, he or she will have fulfilled the requirement if a “C-” or higher is achieved when the course is repeated (whether on the second or subsequent attempts).

All course attempts, however, are calculated into the Required Course GPA, Overall GPA and Last 45 Hour GPA (if applicable). An applicant should take this into consideration to determine if he or she should apply for “alternative eligibility.” The numerical equivalent of a “C-” grade is 1.7. The “C-” or better grade for prerequisites must be recorded on transcripts received by the application deadline. An applicant may not wait until the fall or spring semesters of the application cycle to repeat a course (see next criteria reminder).

Advanced Placement (AP) courses can be used to fulfill prerequisites. The applicant’s undergraduate institution must list the AP course by name (Biology, English, etc.) on its transcript indicating the number of credits granted. AP courses are not considered when calculating grade point averages.

All but two (2) of the required courses or labs must be completed by the end of the fall semester of the application cycle. The remaining courses or labs must be completed in the following spring semester. Required courses or labs can’t be completed in the summer semester immediately preceding matriculation. This is a TOTAL of 2 (two courses, two labs, or one course and one lab) in separate prerequisites (i.e., Microbiology and Microbiology lab = 1, Microbiology and Microbiology lab + Statistics = 2, Microbiology and Microbiology lab + Statistics + Physics II Lab = 3).

A course in animal nutrition is a requirement. If you attend a college that does not offer an animal nutrition course, you may want to consider taking one via distance learning, such as an internet course or correspondence course offered by an accredited college or university. Animal Nutrition courses are offered via distance education at:

Prerequisite or Required Courses for the Current Admissions Cycle

For the equivalent course at another college or university, check the NC State University course catalog or ask the advisor at your college. Use the course descriptions listed here to guide you on your assessment if a course taken at your home institution meets our prerequisites.

Required Course

Semester Hours Required

NC State Equivalent Course Examples

Animal Nutrition


ANS 225 Principles of Animal Nutrition (3)

or ANS 230 Nutrition of Domestic Animals (3)

or ANS, NTR, PO 415 Comparative Nutrition (3)  (cross-listed course)

or NTR, PO 515 Advanced Comparative Nutrition (3) (cross-listed course)

Human, Plant and species specific (Equine, Swine, etc) Nutrition courses will NOT satisfy this requirement.


3 or 4

BCH 351 General Biochemistry (4) or BCH 451 Principles of

Biochemistry (4)

Biology (lab required)


BIO 181 Introductory Biology: Ecology, Evolution, and

Biodiversity (4)

or BIO 183 Introductory Biology: Cellular and Molecular Biology (4)

Chemistry, General (labs required)


CH 101 Chemistry – A Molecular Science (3) with lab CH

102 (1)

and CH 201 Chemistry – A Quantitative Science (3) with lab CH 202 (1)

Chemistry, Organic (labs required)


CH 221 Organic Chemistry I (3) with lab CH 222 (1)

and CH 223 Organic Chemistry II (3) with lab CH 224 (1)

Composition & Writing or Public Speaking or Communications

(any combination of these courses)


Any combination of the following:

ENG 101 Academic Writing and Research (4) COM 110 Public Speaking (3)

COM112 Interpersonal Communications (3) COM 211 Argumentation and Advocacy (3)

This category doesn’t include literature courses (English, American, etc.). However, we do accept courses that meet “writing across the curriculum” requirements at many liberal arts institutions. An applicant doesn’t need prior approval for “writing across the curriculum”courses but should be prepared to prove the requirement if asked during the admissions cycle.


3 or 4

GN 311 Principles of Genetics (4)

Animal Breeding and Livestock Improvement courses will not meet the requirement.

Humanities and Social Sciences


Any combination of Humanities and/or Social Sciences. Humanities courses include, but are not limited to, history, foreign language, literature (English, American, etc.), music, art, and theater. Social Science courses include, but are not limited to, anthropology, philosophy, political science, psychology, and sociology.

Microbiology (lab required)


MB 351 General Microbiology (3) and MB 352 General

Microbiology Lab (1)

or MB 354 Inquiry-Guided Microbiology Lab (1)


MB 411 Medical Microbiology (3) and MB 412 Medical

Microbiology Lab (1)

The Student Services Office acknowledges that some institutions offer a 3 credit Microbiology course with the lab included. A 3 credit course with lab included will satisfy the requirement.

Physics (labs required) (must be at least a two-course series)


PY 211 College Physics I – mechanics, heat, wave motion and

sound (4) and PY 212 College Physics II – electricity, magnetism, light and modern physics (4)

or PY 205 Physics for Engineers and Scientists I (3) with PY 206 Physics for Engineers and Scientists I Laboratory (1) and PY 208 Physics for Engineers and Scientists II (3) with with PY 209 Physics for Engineers and Scientists II Laboratory (1)



ST 311 Intro to Statistics (3)

or ST (BUS) 350 Economics and Business Statistics

All applicants must take GRE and submit results to VMCAS. The NC State University College of Veterinary Medicine’s ETS code to forward GRE scores is 2250. The GRE® score is the total from the verbal, quantitative, and written analytical portions of the general test. If an applicant takes the test more than once, the highest total score is used from a single testing date, not the highest of each section.

Competitive applicants submit scores that meet or exceed the 50th percentile.

Current GRE Board Policy states that your scores are reportable for 5 years (until September 15 following the fifth anniversary of your test date). Therefore, the GRE® test must have been taken within 5 years of October 1 in the year of application. All scores earned during this time will be reported to each institution you designate.

If you have taken the GRE previously and submitted scores using 5496, you do not need to send scores again.

Learn more about the GRE.

PLEASE NOTE:  If applying to other NC State graduate programs, use NC State University’s ETS code (5496) to forward GRE scores.

The Faculty Committee on Admissions reviews the following subjective criteria in accordance with the “holistic review” process employed by the College.

1. Veterinary Experience A minimum of 200 hours of clinical, medical, agribusiness, health science or medical related scientific research experience is required by the time of application.   Experience can be obtained in any area of the veterinary medical profession (small animal, large animal, research, food animal production, exotic, aquatic, wildlife, zoological medicine, etc.).  The work can be either paid or voluntary and must be completed under the supervision of a veterinarian (or PhD scientist if scientific research). Applicants will be evaluated on the ability to demonstrate how the experience helped shaped his or her understanding of the profession by description of experience and level of duties.

2. Animal Experience All other animal related experiences will also be evaluated, such as working with livestock, breeding/ showing dogs or similar, working at a zoo, aquarium or pet shop, equestrian activities, volunteer time at an animal shelter/rescue, etc., and these should be included in the “Animal Experience” section of the VMCAS application.

Unlike veterinary experience, there is no minimum contact time required for animal experience.  However, please note that this category doesn’t include companion pet ownership.

While applicants are expected to obtain veterinary and animal experience on their own, NC State University’s Pre-College Programs offer opportunities in a variety of disciplines – each aimed at helping students prepare for college while experiencing NC State life. Disciplines include agriculture, cultural education, design, engineering, leadership, math, science, technology, and writing. Some current programs are excellent experience opportunities in veterinary medicine.

3. Educational Experience Consideration will be given to academic excellence, the course load per term, employment concurrent with school attendance, and participation in intercollegiate athletics. This will also include evaluation of accomplishments such as honors, awards and advanced degrees.

4. Evaluation Forms/Recommendations Three (3) recommendations are required using the VMCAS Electronic Evaluation system (eLOR). Each evaluator should include a written narrative that supports his or her overall evaluation of the applicant. Applicants must submit letters through the eLOR system. Although VMCAS allows a maximum of 6 submissions, NC State only requires 3 letters of recommendation and prefers to only receive 3 letters per applicant.

It is highly recommended that two recommendations (2) are submitted by veterinarians or PhD scientists with whom the applicant has worked in a veterinary or research setting. The letters must describe the nature of the work relationship. The third letter can be from an academic advisor, employment supervisor or other evaluator of the applicant’s choosing who has some working knowledge of the applicant. Applicants should not ask relatives to submit letters on their behalf.

Evaluations should support experiences listed and validate maturity, commitment and work ethic with specific examples. The admissions committee may contact references directly if further information or clarification is required. You will be asked to provide contact information on the NC State supplemental application for veterinarians with whom you have worked who did not provide an electronic evaluation.


5. Personal Statement The admissions committee will give consideration to all prompts in the VMCAS personal statement. VMCAS prompts encapsulate the following topics:

(1) the applicant’s future career goals

(2) the contribution of veterinarians in society

(3) the attributes of a successful veterinarian

Please access the VMCAS application to see the specific question prompts. The admissions committee also requires essay responses to questions on the NC State supplemental application. Subject areas include, but are not limited to: ethics, teamwork, communication, multiculturalism critical thinking, problem solving and current events. Personal qualities that are communicated to the admissions committee via the supplemental application are important attributes of a prospective applicant to veterinary medical school. The optimal written response is succinct; and, it addresses the question that has been asked using appropriate language, grammar, and style.

6. Diversity Diversity, i.e., those unique attributes that a prospective veterinary medical student contributes to the NC State College of Veterinary Medicine or to the veterinary medical profession, is an important consideration during the selection of prospective veterinary medical students.*

Examples of those unique attributes include, but are not limited to (alphabetical order):

  • Career interest in area with national shortage
  • Graduate school course work and graduate degrees (master and doctorate-level)
  • North Carolina residency (3 or more years duration)
  • Other career and/or life experiences
  • Personal/economic hardship
  • Under-represented minority group
  • Under-represented North Carolina counties

* The Admissions Committee believes that a diverse student body is beneficial because a greater variety of life experiences and viewpoints allows students to learn more from each other, and thus be better prepared to enter a diverse workforce and deal with a diverse client population. In addition, a graduating class with diverse interests is better able to serve the needs of our state and nation by providing expertise in a variety of veterinary, medical and health-related fields.

7. Extracurricular and Community Activities The level, depth of accomplishment, and leadership roles in clubs (college/university, hobby), athletics (intramural, club) and community organizations will be taken into account.


VMCAS performs Transcript Verification on all submitted applications. VMCAS will match your coursework section line by line against your official transcript to ensure you have correctly entered your courses.


Your transcripts should be sent to VMCS. See instructions below. Once VMCAS receives all your required documentation, VMCAS will then place your application in the verification queue. It can take up to four weeks for us to complete your verification. By submitting all of your transcripts by August 15th, you will greatly improve your chance of having your application verified by the September 15th deadline.


It means that you should plan on submitting your application, and have all your evaluations and transcripts into VMCAS by AUGUST 15th in order to allow time for your application to move through verification.


In order for your application to qualify for verification, the following items are required to be received by VMCAS before we will begin verifying your application:

  • Submitted VMCAS web-application
  • At least one (1) submitted letter of reference (e-LOR)
  • VMCAS application payment in full
  • ALL your official transcripts received by VMCAS
Send Transcripts to:
VMCAS – Transcripts
P.O. Box 9126
Watertown, MA 02471

Once all four of the above requirements are met, VMCAS will place your application into the verification queue.

Early completion of your application will get your completed application to your designated schools sooner!

International applicants, as well as US resident applicants attending colleges outside the United States must meet all of the listed admissions criteria as well as:

  • have all international academic transcripts evaluated by a credential evaluation service. At this time, VMCAS only verifies international transcripts evaluated by World Education Services.
  • submit proof of English proficiency. In order to be eligible for admission to the Graduate School all international applicants, regardless of citizenship, must demonstrate proficiency in English at a level necessary to be successful in a graduate program at NC State. More information about English proficiency.