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July 2018 Research Roundup

A look at some of the newest published studies coming out of the NC State College of Veterinary Medicine

  • Research from Mathew Gerard and Anthony Blikslager is the first to identify and describe the anatomy of the most commonly injured area of the head of the white rhinoceros.

The work, published in the Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, identified a combined dorsal conchal sinus and nasal sinus (named the nasoconchal sinus) that is readily exposed by horn removal. Awareness of this combined sinus space and its single pathway will assist in treating the animal, particularly after their horns are removed by humans to sell. Several species of rhino are critically endangered.

Read the study here.

Read more about Gerard and Blikslager’s rhino discovery here.

  • Topical treatments did not result in complications when used on dogs with the fungal disease sinonasal aspergillosis, according to a study by Kyle Mathews, Nicholas Petrovitch and Beatriz Belda.

Previous thought was that such topical therapy should be avoided in cases of dogs with SNA-associated lysis of the cribriform plate. The research, published in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, found no serious side effects after using the topical medications.

Read the study here.

  • Research co-authored by Greg Lewbart and Diane Deresienski looks closely at the health status of the Galápagos Islands’ great frigatebird, which has the largest wing area to body mass ratio of any bird.

The study, published in Conservation Physiology, outlines for the first time hematology and blood chemistry parameters for birds of the species living among the San Cristóbal Island and North Seymour breeding colonies. Researchers also measured average heart rates, body weight and body temperatures for baseline data to be used for comparisons among populations and to detect changes in the overall health of the species.

Read the study here.

  • The nervous system’s central sensitization contributes to the pain of osteoarthritis in humans. A study co-authored by Duncan Lascelles finds the same is true for dogs afflicted with the condition.

The research, to be published in Pain, the journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain, also demonstrates that canine OA is associated with reduced diffuse noxious inhibitory controls, or DNIC. As a whole, the study bolsters the case for using natural canine OA as a research model for treating the disease in humans.

Read the study here.

  • A study of chronically debilitated loggerhead sea turtles co-authored by Craig Harms offers an in-depth analysis of the extent of health issues for loggerheads stranded from North Carolina to Florida.

The research, published by PLOS One, enriches data on the health variables of the species and provides a better understanding of loggerheads hindered by emaciation, lethargy and heavy barnacle coverage. The study’s assessment of health parameters in the turtles recovering during rehabilitation is essential for diagnosing and treating debilitated loggerheads, an endangered species.

Read the study here.

Read about Harms’ recent work with leatherback sea turtles here.

  • An evaluation of the impact of intestinal inflammation on young turkeys found that even if enteritis does not appear to make a turkey critically ill, it can see negatively impact growth. Avian Diseases published the research by a CVM team that includes Oscar Fletcher, Liara Gonzalez, John Barnes and Luke Borst.

Read the study here.

  • Cornstarch is less allergenic than corn flour in dogs and cats previously sensitized to corn, according to research led by Thierry Olivry and published in BMC Veterinary Research.

The study’s conclusions indicate that while corn is not a common allergen for dogs and cats, food containing cornstarch as a carbohydrate source is preferable for dogs and cats suspected of having corn allergies.

Read the study here.