November CVM Research Roundup

A look at some of the newest published studies coming out of the NC State College of Veterinary Medicine.

  • An investigation into the impact and reuse of a device used by veterinary surgeons to seal tissue and shorten surgical times and decrease surgical costs, found that the device is safe to use multiple times. Kyle Mathews co-authored the study, published in Veterinary Surgery. Investigators tested an electrothermal vessel sealing device and evaluated the effect of repeated autoclaving and reuse, finding that the device can be used up to 15 times. Read the study here.
  • Research from Eli Cohen, Natasha Olby and Melissa Lewis takes a close look into the magnetic resonance imaging features of dogs with incomplete recovery after acute severe spinal injury, taking note of connections between imaging variables and motor function. The study, published in Spinal Cord, emphasizes the importance of using MRIs to in spinal cord injuries to predict when pets may regain limb function and to help pet owners anticipate long-term locomotion issues. Read the study here.
  • A study authored by Mark Papich investigates the use of two types of drugs used to treat canine heartworm disease and found that there are potentially advantages to using one type less commonly utilized. The research, published in Parasites & Vectors, tested doxycycline, the common drug of choice for heartworm disease, along with minocycline, considered a substitute to doxycycline. Papich found that minocycline could have several potential advantages for animals, including better distribution into tissue. Read the study here.
  • How can you tell when a pet goldfish is sick? A new study has developed normal values for diagnostic tests for young goldfish to help veterinarians diagnose issues when the popular pet is feeling under the weather. The research from senior author Greg Lewbart and published in the Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine generated normal diagnostic test levels, providing a baseline for medical tests in goldfish. Read the study here.
  • Research co-authored by Bruce Keene found that dogs with heart disease do not face an increased risk of anesthetic complications while undergoing routine dental procedures. Despite widespread concern among veterinarians about the potential connection, the study, published in the Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, found no significant increased risk for anesthetic complications when dogs were anesthetized by trained personnel and carefully monitored during dental procedures. Read the study here.
  • A study co-authored by Ed Breitschwerdt investigated Bartonella infections in companion animal veterinary personnel in Spain. The research, published in Parasites & Vectors, aimed to explore culture, molecular and serological prevalence of infections caused by the bacterium Bartonella in an at-risk group because of frequent exposure to pets. Read the study here.
  • Jorge Piedrahita was one of two guest editors for the latest special edition of the journal Tissue Engineering, Part C, focused on new approaches to regenerative medicine using animal models. For more on the special edition, go here.
  • All species of sea turtles are vulnerable to extinction, but a new study from a group of CVM researchers helps create guidelines for treating turtles exposed to oil. The research, published by Royal Society Open Science, used proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to test blood samples from hatchling loggerhead sea turtles exposed to crude oil, oil dispersant Corexit 95 or both. The findings provide a baseline whole blood metabolome that can serve as a foundation for future metabolomic research with sea turtles. The CVM’s Stasia Bailey, Jennifer Niemuth, Matthew Godfrey, Craig Harms and Michael Stoskopf co-authored the study with Patricia McClellan-Green and Matthew Godfrey of NC State’s Center for Marine Sciences and Technology. Read the study here.