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COVID-19 Update: The NC State Veterinary Hospital is expanding services, but still only seeing a limited number of cases at this time. Click to learn more about appointments.


Kristen Messenger

Assistant Professor, Pharmacology

Office: 919.513.6311

Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia
  • (2016) Recovery of horses from general anesthesia following induction with either propofol or midazolam followed by ketamine. In pressJarrett M, Bailey K, Messenger K, Prange T, Gaines B, Posner LP. | JAVMA 10-2016.
  • (2015) Chapter 12. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In Veterinary Anesthesia and AnalgesiaPapich MG & Messenger K. | The 5th Edition of Lumb and Jones. Grimm KA, Lamont LA, Tranquilli WJ, Greene SA & Robertson SA, editors. Wiley Blackwell, 2015. Pages 227-243.
  • (2011) Intravenous and sublingual buprenorphine in horses: pharmacokinetics and influence of sampling siteMessenger KM, Davis JL, Lafevers DH, Barlow BM, Posner LP | Vet Anaesth Analg Apr 19, 2011
  • (2011) Pharmacokinetics of intravenous and intramuscular buprenorphine in the horseDavis JL, Messenger KM, Lafevers DH, Barlow BM, Posner LP | J Vet Pharmacol Ther Mar 11, 2011