Skip to main content
 

Profile

Gregory A. Lewbart, MS, VMD

Professor of Aquatic Animal Medicine

Contact:

galewbar@ncsu.edu
Office: 919.513.6439

Greg received his B.A. in biology from Gettysburg College in 1981, an M.S. in biology with a concentration in marine biology from Northeastern University in 1985, and a V.M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine in 1988. He worked for a large wholesaler of ornamental fishes before joining the faculty at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine in 1993, where he is Professor of Aquatic Animal Medicine and an Assistant Clinical Sciences Department Head. He is a diplomate of the American College of Zoological Medicine and the European College of Zoological Medicine and in 2007 was named Exotic DVM of the Year by Exotic DVM Magazine. In 2012 he received the William Medway Award for Excellence in Teaching from the International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine.

Greg is an author on over 150 popular and scientific articles about invertebrates, fishes, amphibians and reptiles and speaks locally, nationally and internationally on these subjects. He’s also authored or co-authored 27 book chapters related to veterinary medicine of the above-mentioned taxonomic groups and edited or co-edited five veterinary textbooks: Self Assessment Colour Review of Ornamental Fish (Manson Publishing and ISU Press, 1998), Self Assessment Colour Review of Ornamental Fish & Aquatic Invertebrates (CRC Press, 2017), Rapid Review of Exotic Animal Medicine and Husbandry (Manson Publishing, 2008), and the multiple award winning Invertebrate Medicine (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2006; 2012). Greg has made 11 trips to the Galápagos doing field work on a wide variety of species.

He and his wife Dr. Diane Deresienski (also a veterinarian) live in Raleigh.

Publications


View online at Google Scholar
Affiliations
AAZV, IAAAM, ARAV, AVMA, WAVMA, AAFV, Veterinary Invertebrate Society, Honeybee Consortium, Dipl ECZM (ZHM)
Certifications
Dipl. ACZM & ECZM (Zoo Health Management)
Infectious Diseases, Pharmacology
Health assessment of wildlife with emphasis on North Carolina and Galápagos reptiles.
  • (2018) Veterinary Medical Students' Motivations for Exercise.Royal KD, Hunt SA, Gonzalez LM, Lewbart GA, Bailey KM. | J Vet Med Educ 2018 Jan 18:1-7.
  • (2017) Propofol as an immersion anesthetic and in a minimum anesthetic concentration (MAC) reduction model in goldfish (Carrasius auratus).Balko JA, Wilson SK, Lewbart GA, Gaines BR, Posner LP. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2017 Mar;48(1):48-54.
  • (2017) Assessment of the effects of three doses of intravenous alfaxalone on yearling loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta)Phillips BE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA, Christiansen EF, Harms CA | J Am Vet Med Assoc 250: 909-917.
  • (2017) Blood gases, biochemistry and haematology of Galápagos hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata).Muñoz-Pérez JP, Lewbart GA, Hirschfeld M, Alarcón-Ruales D, Denkinger J, Castañeda JG, García J, Lohmann KJ. | Conserv Physiol. 2017 May 10;5(1):cox028. eCollection 2017.
  • (2017) Invertebrate Oncology: Diseases, Diagnostics, and Treatment.Newton AL, Lewbart GA. | Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2017 Jan;20(1):1-19.
  • (2017) Intraocular pressure in American Bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) measured with rebound and applanation tonometry.Cannizzo SA, Lewbart GA, Westermeyer HD. | Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Nov;20(6):526-532. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
  • (2017) Effects of alfaxalone administered intravenously to healthy yearling loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) at three different doses.Phillips BE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA, Christiansen EF, Harms CA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2017 Apr 15;250(8):909-917.
  • (2017) Morbidity and mortality of wild turtles at a North Carolina wildlife clinic: a 10-year retrospective.Sack A, Butler E, Cowen P, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2017 Sep;48(3):716-724.
  • (2017) Plasma propofol concentrations and pharmacodynamic effects in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exposure via immersion.Oda A, Messenger K, Carbajal L, Gardner B, Hammer S, Cerreta A, Lewbart GA, Posner L, Bailey K. | Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia Jan 2017 9. Vol 44, Issue 5; 1262. e4-1262. e5
  • (2017) Biochemistry panel reference intervals for juvenile goldfish (carassius auratus).Adamovicz LA, Trosclair MR, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med. 2017 Sep;48(3):776-785.
  • (2017) Laboratory evaluation of different formulations of Stress Coat® for slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio).Shivappa RB, Christian LS, Law JM, Lewbart GA. | PeerJ 2017 Sep 6;5:e3759. eCollection 2017.
  • (2017) Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in Atlantic horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) after single injection.Kirby A, Lewbart GA, Hancock-Ronemus A, Papich MG. | J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2017 Oct 25. doi: 10.1111/jvp.12462. [Epub ahead of print]
  • (2017) Diagnosis and treatment of a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli in a wild eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina).Cerreta AJ, Papich M, Dise D, Lewbart GA. | Veterinary Record Case Reports 2017 Jan 11. Vol. 5, Iss. 4, pp 528
  • (2017) Health status of red-rooted boobies (sula sula) determined by hematology, biochemistry, blood gases, and physical examination.Lewbart GA, Ulloa C, Deresienski D, Regalado C, Muñoz-Pérez JP, Garcia J, Hardesty BD, Valle CA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2017 Dec;48(4):1230-1233.
  • (2016) Descriptive epidemiology for turtles admitted to the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Turtle Rescue Team.Stranahan L, Lewbart GA, Alpi KM, Passingham K, Kosmerick T. | Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 2016. doi: 10.3996/092015-JFWM-056
  • (2016) A comparison of blood gases, biochemistry, and hematology to ecomorphology in a health assessment of pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides)Collins S, Dornburg A, Flores JM, Dombrowski DS, Lewbart GA | PeerJ 2016 Aug 9;4:e2262. eCollection 2016.
  • (2016) Histopathologic evaluation of postmortem autolytic changes in bluegill (Lepomis macrohirus) and crappie (Pomoxis anularis) at varied time intervals and storage temperatures.George J, Van Wettere AJ, Michaels B, Cain D, Lewbart GA | PeerJ 2016 Apr 19;4:e1943. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1943. eCollection 2016.
  • (2016) Calcium urolithiasis in a breeding population of Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) housed in a low salinity environment.Applegate J JR, Lewbart GA, Daniels H, Gill A, Stoskopf MK. | Veterinary Q 2016; 36(1):50-54.
  • (2016) Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin and its metabolite ciprofloxacin in the green sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) following intracoelomic and immersion administration.Phillips B, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Lahner L, Haulena M, Rosenberg J, Papich MG. | J Zoo Wild Med 2016 Mar;47(1):175-86.
  • (2016) Health Status of Galápagos Sea Lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) on San Cristóbal Island Rookeries Determined by Hematology, Biochemistry, Blood Gases, and Physical ExaminationPaéz-Rosas D, Hirschfeld M, Deresienski D, Lewbart GA. | Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2016. 52(1):100-105.
  • (2016) Non-Fatal Traumatic Gastric Evisceration in Two Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina).Applegate JR Jr, Drapp RL, Lewbart GA. | Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery.
  • (2016) Tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) sedation and anesthesia in the purple-spined sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata)Applegate, J JR, Dombrowski DS, Christian LS, Bayer MP, Harms CA, Lewbart GA | J Zoo Wildl Med 2016 Dec;47(4):1025-1033.
  • (2016) Tricaine anesthesia and sedation parameters of Atlantic purple sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata).Applegate JR, Dombrowski D, Christian LS, Bayer M, Lewbart GA. | JZWM March, 2016.
  • (2016) Veterinary licensing in US waters outside of state jurisdiction.Karreman GA, Hanson L, Kebus M, Lewbart GA, Loch TP, Scarfe AD | JAVMA 2016 Sept 15; Vol 249, Iss 6 pp 592
  • (2016) Ornamental Fishes and Aquatic Invertebrates: Self-assessment Color ReviewLewbart, GA | CRC Press 2016 Sept 19
  • (2016) Nonfatal Traumatic Gastric Evisceration in Two Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina).Applegate J JR, Drapp RL, Lewbart GA. | Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery December 2016. Vol 26 (3-4) pp 80-84.
  • (2016) Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in purple sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) following an intracoelomic injection or extended immersion.Rosenberg J, Haulena M, Phillips B, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Lahner L, Papich M. | Am J Vet Res 2016 Nov;77(11):1266-1275.
  • (2015) Phacoemulsification and aspiration for cataract management in a dollar sunfish, Lepomis marginatus (Holbrook) a case report.Adamovicz L, Gilger BC, Lewbart G. | Journal of Fish Diseases 2015 Dec;38(12):1089-92. doi: 10.1111/jfd.12346. Epub 2015 Feb 2.
  • (2015) Cystic urolithiasis in captive monkey frogs (Phyllomedusa sauvagii).Archibald KE, Minter LJ, Dombrowski DS, O’Brien JL, Lewbart GA. | JZWM. 2015. 46(1):105-112.
  • (2015) Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy For MELAFIX® (Melaleuca cajuputi extract). Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine.Shivappa R, Christian LS, Noga EJ, Law JM, Lewbart GA. | ournal of Exotic Pet Medicine. 2015. 24:188-192.
  • (2015) Plasma protein electrophoresis and acute phase proteins in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exploratory celiotomy.Christiansen EF, Cray C, Lewbart GA, Harms CA. | J Exotic Pet Med 2015; 24: 76-83.
  • (2015) Blood gases, biochemistry and haematology of Galápagos marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus).Lewbart GA, Hirschfeld M, Brothers JR, Muñoz-Pérez JP, Denkinger J, Vinueza L, García J, Lohmann KJ. | Conserv Physiol 2015 Jul 24;3(1):cov034. eCollection 2015.
  • (2015) Cystic urolithiasis in captive waxy monkey frogs (Phyllomedusa sauvagii).Archibald KE, Minter LJ, Dombrowski DS, O'Brien JL, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildl Med. 2015 Mar;46(1):105-12.
  • (2015) Laboratory evaluation of safety and efficacy for melafix (Melaleuca cajuputi Extract)Shivappa RB, Christian LS, Noga EJ, Law JM, Lewbart GA. | Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine April 2015, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 188-192
  • (2014) Physiologic and biochemical assessments of koi carp, Cyprinus carpio, following immersion with propofol.A Oda, KM Bailey, GA Lewbart, EH Griffith, LP Posner | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2014 Dec. 1; 245 (11): 1286-91.
  • (2014) The efficacy of alfaxalone for immersion anesthesia in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)LJ Minter, KM Bailey, CA Harms, GA Lewbart, LP Posner | Vet Anaesth Analg 2014 Jul;41(4):398-405. Epub 2014 Feb 20.
  • (2014) Alfaxalone as an Intramuscular Injectable Anesthesia in Koi Carp Cyprinus carpioKM Bailey, LJ Minter, GA Lewbart, CA Harms, Griffith EH, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 45(4):852-858. 2014.
  • (2014) Invertebrate medicine advances and emerging issues.GA Lewbart | British Veterinary Zoological Society Proceedings of the Autumn Meeting 2014, Lancaster University Management School and Blackpool Zoo, UK, 7-9 November 2014. Invertebrates and Megavertebrates-Veterinary Advances 2014. pp 21-23.
  • (2014) Chelonian trauma management.GA Lewbart | British Veterinary Zoological Society Proceedings of the Autumn Meeting 2014, Lancaster University Management School and Blackpool Zoo, UK, 7-9 November 2014. Invertebrates and Megavertebrates-Veterinary Advances 2014. pp 53-55.
  • (2014) Koi and goldfish medicine case studies.GA Lewbart | British Veterinary Zoological Society Proceedings of the Autumn Meeting 2014, Lancaster University Management School and Blackpool Zoo, UK, 7-9 November 2014. Invertebrates and Megavertebrates-Veterinary Advances 2014. pp 42-44.
  • (2014) Health assessment of marine reptiles in the Galápagos Islands.GA Lewbart, M Hirschfeld, J Denkinger, K Vasco, N Guevara, J García, J Muñoz, K Lohmann, R Brothers, D Deresienski, M Yépez | British Veterinary Zoological Society Proceedings of the Autumn Meeting 2014, Lancaster University Management School and Blackpool Zoo, UK, 7-9 November 2014. Invertebrates and Megavertebrates-Veterinary Advances 2014. pp 15-17.
  • (2014) A simple animal model to learn the techniques of discrepancy vascular microanastomoses.Leclère FM, Kolb F, Lewbart GA, Casoli V, Vögelin E. | Plastic Surgery 2014 March; Volume: 22 issue: 1, page(s): 30-33
  • (2014) Zinc toxicosis in a brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchill.Dreyfuss J, Geyer J, Stamper MA, Baldessari A, Lewbart GA. | J Fish Dis 2014 Apr;37(4):397-9. Epub 2013 Jun 14.
  • (2014) Blood gases, biochemistry, and hematology of Galapagos green turtles (Chelonia mydas).Lewbart GA, Hirschfeld M, Denkinger J, Vasco K, Guevara N, García J, Muñoz J, Lohmann KJ. | PLoS One 2014 May 13;9(5):e96487. eCollection 2014.
  • (2014) Collection and characterization of semen from Chilean rose tarantulas (Grammostola rosea).Archibald KE, Minter LJ, Lewbart GA, Bailey CS. | Am J Vet Res 2014 Oct;75(10):929-36.
  • (2014) Evaluation of five different suture materials in the skin of the earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris).Salgado MA, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Griffith EH, Law JM. | Springerplus 2014 Aug 11;3:423. eCollection 2014.
  • (2013) Comparison of isoflurane and carbon dioxide anesthesia in Chilean rose tarantulas (Grammostola rosea).Dombrowski DS, De Voe RS, Lewbart GA. | Zoo Biol 2013 Jan-Feb;32(1):101-3. Epub 2012 Jun 21.
  • (2013) Is there good simulation basic training for end-to-side vascular microanastomoses?Leclère FM, Trelles M, Lewbart GA, Vögelin E. | Aesthetic Plast Surg 2013 Apr;37(2):454-8. Epub 2013 Feb 9.
  • (2013) Microsurgery and liver research: Lumbricus terrestris, a reliable animal model for training?Leclère FM, Lewbart GA, Rieben R, Vögelin E. | Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2013 Apr;37(2):166-70. Epub 2012 Jul 12.
  • (2013) Efficacy of alfaxalone for intravascular anesthesia and euthanasia in blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus).Minter LJ, Harms CA, Archibald KE, Broadhurst H, Bailey KM, Christiansen EF, Lewbart GA, Posner LP. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2013 Sep;44(3):694-9.
  • (2012) Body temperatures of selected amphibian and reptile species.Raske M, Lewbart GA, Dombrowski DS, Hale P, Correa M, Christian LS. | Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2012 Sep;43(3):517-21.
  • (2012) Evaluation of cyclooxygenase protein expression in traumatized versus normal tissues from eastern box turbles (Terrapene Carolina Carolina).Royal LW, Lascelles BDX, Lewbart GA, Correa M, and Jones SL. | Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2012 Jun;43(2):289-95.
  • (2012) Annelids.Lewbart GA | Invertebrate Medicine
  • (2012) Clinical anesthesia and analgesia in invertebrates.Lewbart GA, Mosley C | Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 2012; 21(1):59-70.
  • (2012) Plasma biochemistry and condition of confiscated hatchling pig-nosed turtles (Carettochelys insculpta).Ward JL, Hall K, Christian LS, Lewbart GA | Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2012; 7(1): 38-45.
  • (2012) Suspected lead toxicosis in an electric eel, Electrophorus electricus (L.).Minter LJ, Stoskopf MK, Serrano M, Burrus O, Lewbart GA. | J Fish Dis 2012 Aug;35(8):603-6. Epub 2012 May 21.
  • (2012) Green algal infection of American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) exoskeletal structures.Braverman H, Leibovitz L, Lewbart GA. | J Invertebr Pathol 2012 Sep 15;111(1):90-3. Epub 2012 Jun 16.
  • (2012) Dorsal laminectomy in a two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means).Waffa BJ, Montgerard AC, Grafinger MS, Christian LS, Dombrowski DS, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2012 Dec;43(4):927-30.
  • (2011) Effects of intramuscular meloxicam administration on prostaglandin E2 synthesis in the North American bullfrog (rana catesbeiana)Minter LJ, Clarke EO, Gjeltema JL, Archibald KE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA | J Zoo Wildl Med Dec;42(4):680-5, 2011.
  • (2011) The veterinarian’s role in surgical implantation of electronic tags in fish.Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries March 2011; 21(1):25-33.
  • (2011) Microsurgery in liver research: end-to-side portocaval microanastomoses in dogfish.Leclère FM, Germain MA, Lewbart GA, Unglaub F, Mordon S, Louis D. | Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2011 Oct;35(10):650-4. Epub 2011 Aug 6.
  • (2011) Clinical challenge. Squamous cell carcinoma.Ardente AJ, Christian LS, Borst LB, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2011 Dec;42(4):770-3.
  • (2010) Cytoscopic guided removal of ectopic eggs from the urinary bladder of the Florida cooter turtle (Pseudemys floridana floridana).Minter LJ, Wood MW, Hill T, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2010 Sep;41(3):503-9.
  • (2010) Gross and histological evaluation of five suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the California sea hare (Aplysia callifornica).Anderson ET, Davis AS, Law JM, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Harms CA. | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2010 Jan;49(1):64-8.
  • (2010) A comparison of heavy metal concentrations and health assessment in Asian clams Corbicula fluminea from Florida and North Carolina.Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Harms CA, Van Wettere AJ. | J Aquat Anim Health 2010 Jun;22(2):73-7.
  • (2010) Cystoscopic guided removal of ectopic eggs from the urinary bladder of the Florida cooter turtle (Pseudemys floridana floridana).Minter LJ, Wood MW, Hill TL, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2010 Sep;41(3):503-9.
  • (2009) Surgical repair of severe flipper lacerations in a loggerhead, Caretta caretta, and a Kemp’s ridley, Lepidochelys kempii, sea turtle.Church ML, Grafinger MS, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Beasley JF. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2009 Dec;40(4):744-51.
  • (2009) Characterization of eversion syndrome in captive Scyphomedusa jellyfish.Freeman KS, Lewbart GA, Robarge WP, Harms CA, Law JM, Stoskopf MK. | Am J Vet Res 2009 Sep;70(9):1087-93.
  • (2009) Detection of Salmonella in Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) During Two Relocation Efforts in Florida.Charles-Smith LE, Lewbart GA, Aresco MK, Cowen P. | Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2009. 8(2):213-216.
  • (2008) Prophylactic ovariosalpingectomy using a prefemoral approach in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina).Minter LJ, Landry MM, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2008 Oct 18;163(16):487-8.
  • (2007) Phylogenetic analysis of outbreaks of recent spring viremia of carp virus reveals distinct genogroups with common origins for recent isolates in North America and the UK.O. Miller, F.J. Fuller, W.A. Gebreyes, G.A. Lewbart, I.S. Shchelkunov, R.B. Shivappa, C. Joiner, G. Woolford, D.M. Stone, P.F. Dixon, M.E. Raley and J.F. Levine. | Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 2007 Jul 16;76:193-204.
  • (2007) Cytologic diagnosis of diseases of invertebrates.Van Wettere A, Lewbart GA. | Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2007 Jan;10(1):235-54, vii-viii.
  • (2007) Plasma biochemical reference intervals for koi.Palmeiro BS, Rosenthal KL, Lewbart GA, Shofer FS. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007 Mar 1;230(5):708-12.
  • (2007) Internal fixation of a femur fracture in an American bullfrog.Royal LW, Grafinger MS, Lascelles BD, Lewbart GA, Christian LS. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007 Apr 15;230(8):1201-4.
  • (2006) Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in the green iguana (Iguana iguana) following single intravenous and intramuscular injections.Tuttle AD, Papich M, Lewbart GA, Christian S, Gunkel C, Harms CA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2006 Dec;37(4):567-70.
  • (2006) Percutaneous malathion absorption in the harvested perfused anuran pelvic limb.Willens S, Stoskopf MK, Baynes RE, Lewbart GA, Taylor SK, Kennedy-Stoskopf S | Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 2006 Nov;22(3):263-7. Epub 2006 Jun 10.
  • (2006) Evaluation of the gross and histologic reactions to five commonly used suture materials in the skin of the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis).Tuttle AD, Law JM, Harms, CA, Lewbart GA, Harvey SB | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2006 Nov;45(6):22-6.
  • (2006) Percutaneous malathion absorption by anuran skin in flow-through diffusion cells.Willens S, Stoskopf MK, Baynes RE, Lewbart GA, Taylor SK, Kennedy-Stoskopf S. | Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 2006 Nov;22(3):255-62. Epub 2006 Jun 10.
  • (2006) Ileocolic intussusception in a pine snake (Pituophis melanoleucus).Wosar MA, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2006 May 20;158(20):698-9.
  • (2006) Treatment of dystocia in a leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) by percutaneous ovocentesis.Hall AJ, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2006 May 27;158(21):737-9.
  • (2006) Measurements of common iliac arterial blood flow in anurans using Doppler ultrasound.Willens S, Dupree SH, Stoskopf MK, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2006 Jun;37(2):97-101.
  • (2006) Prevalence of Salmonella spp in cloacal, fecal, and gastrointestinal mucosal samples from wild North American turtles.Saelinger CA, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Lemons CL. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006 Jul 15;229(2):266-8.
  • (2006) The future of training for aquatic animal health veterinarians.Hartman KH, Yanong RP, Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | J Vet Med Educ 2006 Fall;33(3):389-93.
  • (2006) Surgical excision of mycotic (Cladosporium sp.) granulomas from the mantle of a cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis).Harms CA, Lewbart GA, McAlarney R, Christian LS, Geissler K, Lemons C. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2006 Dec;37(4):524-30.
  • (2005) Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, after a single i.v. injection and bath administration.Gore SR, Harms CA, Kukanich B, Forsythe J, Lewbart GA, Papich MG. | Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2005 Oct;28(5):433-439.
  • (2005) Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol in the red pacu (Piaractus brachypomus) after single dose intramuscular administration.Lewbart GA, Papich MG, & Whitt-Smith D. | J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2005 Jun;28(3):317-9.
  • (2005) Lymphoid follicular cloacal inflammation associated with a novel herpesvirus in juvenile alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).Govett PD, Harms CA, Johnson AJ, Latimer KS, Wellehan JFX, Fatzinger MH, Christian LS, Kelly TR, Lewart GA. | J Vet Diag Invest 2005 Sep;17(5):474-9.
  • (2005) Behavioral and clinical pathology changes in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) subjected to anesthesia and surgery with and without intra-operative analgesics.Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Swanson CR, Kishimori JM, Boylan SM. | Comp Med 2005 Jun;55(3):221-6.
  • (2005) Evaluation of a method of intracoelomic catheterization in koi.Lewbart GA, Butkus DA, Papich MG, Coleman AK, Krum HN, Noga EJ. | J Vet Med Assoc 2005 Mar 1;226(5):784-8.
  • (2005) Whole-blood and plasma cholinesterase levels in normal koi (Cyprinus carpio).Murphy LA, Lewbart GA, Meerdink GL, Bargren GL. | J Vet Diagn Invest 2005 Jan;17(1):74-5.
  • (2005) Phacoemulsification of bilateral cataracts in a loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta).Kelly TR, Walton W, Nadelstein B, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2005 Jun 11;156(24):774-7.
  • (2005) The physiological and behavioural impacts of and preference for an enriched environment in the eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina).Case BC, Lewbart GA, Doerr PD. | Applied Animal Behaviour Science 2005 August; 92(4):353-365.
  • (2005) The North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Turtle Rescue Team: a model for a successful wild-reptile clinic.Lewbart GA, Kishimori J, Christian LS. | J Vet Med Educ 2005 Fall;32(3):377-81.
  • (2005) Viability of glycerol-preserved and cryopreserved anuran skin.Willens S, Stoskopf MK, Martin LD, Lewbart GA. | In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 2005 Sep-Oct;41(8-9):258-63.
  • (2004) Surgical removal of an artificial chicken egg from the gastrointestinal tract of a black rat snake, elaphe obsoleta.Souza MJ, Hall KE, Wilson JD, Lewbart GA | Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 2004; 14(4):5-4.
  • (2004) Gill trematodes (flukes) in wild-caught killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus).Goulding DR, Blankenship-Paris TL, Lewbart GA, Myers PH, Demianenko TK, Clark JA, Forsythe DB. | Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 2004 Mar;43(2):32-4.
  • (2004) Gill metaplasia in a goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus (L.).Govett PD, Rotstein DS, Lewbart GA. | J Fish Dis 2004 Jul;27(7):419-23.
  • (2004) Stabilisation of scoliosis in two koi (Cyprinus carpio).Govett PD, Olby NJ, Marcellin-Little DJ, Rotstein DS, Reynolds TL, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2004 Jul 24;155(4):115-9.
  • (2003) Endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus and stomach in three loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and a Malaysian giant turtle (Orlitia borneensis).Presler BM, Goodman RA, Harms CA, Hawkins EC, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2003 March; 34(1):88-92.
  • (2003) Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol in Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) After Single Intravenous and Intramuscular Injections.Stamper MA, Papich MG, Lewbart GA, May SB, Plummer DD, Stoskopf MK. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2003 Mar;34(1):3-8.
  • (2003) Use of a supraplastron approach to the coelomic cavity for repair of an esophageal tear in a loggerhead sea turtle.Jaeger GH, Wosar MA, Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003 Aug 1;223(3):353-5, 311.
  • (2002) Pharmacokinetics of fluconazole in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after single intravenous and subcutaneous injections, and multiple subcutaneous injections.Mallo K, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Papich MG. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2002 Mar;33(1):29-35.
  • (2002) Evaluation of the tissue reactions in the skin and body wall of koi (Cyprinus carpio) to five suture materials.Hurty CA, Brazik DC, Law JM, Sakamoto K, Lewbart GA. | Vet Rec 2002 Sep 14;151(11):324-8.
  • (2002) Reproductive medicine in koi (Cyprinus carpio).Lewbart GA | Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2002 Sep;5(3):637-48, vii.
  • (2002) Medetomidine, ketamine, and sevoflurane for anesthesia of injured loggerhead sea turtles: 13 cases (1996-2000).Chittick EJ, Stamper MA, Beasley JF, Lewbart GA, Horne WA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002 Oct 1;221(7):1019-25.
  • (2002) Health survey of wild and captive bog turtles (Clemmys muhlenbergii) in North Carolina and Virginia.Brenner D, Lewbart G, Stebbins M, Herman DW. | J Zoo Wildl Med 2002 Dec;33(4):311-6.
  • (2001) Bacteria and ornamental fish.Lewbart GA | J Exotic Pet Med Jan 2001. 10(1): 48-56.
  • (2001) Comparative efficacy of tricaine methanesulfonate and clove oil for use as anesthetics in red pacu (Piaractus brachypomus).Sladky KK, Swanson CR, Stoskopf MK, Loomis MR, Lewbart GA. | Am J Vet Res 2001 Mar;62(3):337-42.
  • (2001) Blood chemistry values of juvenile red pacu (Piaractus brachypomus).Sakamoto K, Lewbart GA, Smith TM 2nd. | Vet Clin Pathol 2001;30(2):50-52.
  • (2000) Surgery in fish.Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | Vet Clin N Am: Exot Anim Practice 2000 Sep;3(3):759-74.
  • (2000) Pet fish formulary.Mashima TY, Lewbart GA. | Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2000 Jan;3(1):117-30, vi.
  • (1999) Building a fish anesthesia delivery system.Lewbart GA, Harms CA | Exotic DVM 1999; 1.2: 25-28.
  • (1998) Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in the red pacu (Colossoma brachypomum) following different routes of administration.Doi AM, Stoskopf MK, Lewbart GA. | J Vet Pharmacol Ther 1998 Oct;21(5):364-8.
  • (1998) Imaging a spinal fracture in a Kohaku Koi (Cyprinus carpio): techniques and case history report.Bakal RS, Love NE, Lewbart GA, Berry CR. | Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1998 Jul-Aug;39(4):318-21.
  • (1998) Eimeria southwelli Infection Associated with High Mortality of Cownose Rays.Stamper MA, Lewbart GA, Barrington PR, Harms CA, Geoly F, Stoskopf MK. | J Aquat Anim Health September 1998; 10(3): 264-270.
  • (1998) Emergency and critical care of fish.Lewbart GA | Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 1998 Sep;1(1):233-49, viii.
  • (1998) Surgical removal of an undifferentiated abdominal sarcoma from a koi carp (Cyprinus carpio).Lewbart GA, Spodnick G, Barlow N, Love NE, Geoly F, Bakal RS. | Vet Rec 1998 Nov 14;143(20):556-8.
  • (1997) Bronchoalveolar lavage in a dolphin.Hawkins EC, Townsend FI, Lewbart GA, Stamper MA, Thayer VG, Rhinehart HL. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997 Oct 1; 211(7):901-904.
  • (1997) Amyloidosis in a jack Dempsey cichild, Cichlasoma biocellatum Regan.Mashima TY, Cornish TE, Lewbart GA. | J Fish Dis Jan 2017; 20(1): 73-75.
  • (1997) Pet fish radiography: technique and case history reports.Love NE, Lewbart GA. | Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1997 Jan-Feb;38(1):24-9.
  • (1997) Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in the red pacu (Colossoma brachypomum) after intramuscular, oral and bath administration.Lewbart G, Vaden S, Deen J, Manaugh C, Whitt D, Doi A, Smith T, Flammer K. | J Vet Pharmacol Ther 1997 Apr;20(2):124-8.
  • (1997) Serum chemistry and hematology values for anesthetized American bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana).Cathers T, Lewbart GA, Correa M, Stevens JB. | J Zoo Wildl Med 1997 Jun;28(2):171-4.
  • (1997) Orbital exenteration and placement of a prosthesis in fish.Nadelstein B, Bakal R, Lewbart GA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997 Sep 1;211(5):603-6.
  • (1997) Hematologic study of red pacu (Colossoma brachypomum).Tocidlowski ME, Lewbart GA, Stoskopf MK. | Vet Clin Pathol 1997;26(3):119-125.
  • (1996) Radiographic and ultrasonographic evaluation of egg retention and peritonitis in two green iguanas (iguana iguana).Love NE, Douglass JP, Lewbart GA, Stoskopf M. | Vet Radiol Ultrasound Jan 1996; 37(1):68-73.
  • (1996) The occurrence of an Ichthyobodo-like organism on captive Atlantic spadefish, Chaetodipterus faber(Broussonet).Beck K, Lewbart G, Piner G. | J Fish Dis Jan 1996; 19(1):111-112.
  • (1996) A spontaneous neoplasm of the renal collecting ducts in an oscar, Astronotus ocellatus (Cuvier), with comments on similar cases in this species.Petervary N, Gillette DM, Lewbart GA, Harshbarger JC. | J Fish Dis 1996; 19(4): 279-281.
  • (1996) Nuchal organs of the polychaete parapionosyllis manca (syllidae).Lewbart GA, Riser NW. | Invertebrate Biology 1996; 115(4): 286-298.
  • (1995) Preliminary comparison of plasma concentrations of gentamicin injected into the cranial and caudal limb musculature of the eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina).Beck K., Loomis M, Lewbart GA, Spellman L, Papich MG. | Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 26: 265-268.
  • (1995) Rickettsia-like organisms in the blue-eyed plecostomus, Panaque suttoni (Eigenmann & Eigenmann).Khoo L, Dennis PM, Lewbart GA. | J Fish Dis March 1995; 18(2):157-164.
  • (1995) Pneumocystectomy in a Midas cichlid.Lewbart GA, Stone EA, Love NE. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995 Aug 1;207(3):319-21.
  • (1995) Aquarium fish dermatologic diseases.Murphy KM, Lewbart GA. | J Exotic Pet Med Oct 1995; 4(4):220-233.
  • (1995) Microsurgical excision of an abdominal mass in a gourami.Harms CA, Bakal RS, Khoo LH, Spaulding KA, Lewbart GA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995 Nov 1;207(9):1215-7.

NOAA Requests CVM Experts Participate in Oil Spill Response

Oil Spill Request: The North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine received an emergency request from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for marine animal experts to assist in the Gulf Coast oil spill response. Dr. Greg Lewbart, professor of aquatic animal medicine; Dr. Craig Harms, an associate professor of aquatic, wildlife, and zoologic