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Residency: Cardiology

The NCSU cardiology service offers a full range of non-invasive and invasive diagnostic and therapeutic services to approximately 2,500 referred cases per year. The residency is supported by 7 ACVIM board-certified cardiologists (Clarke Atkins, John Bonagura, Terri DeFrancesco, Bruce Keene, Kate Meurs, Kursten Pierce, and Sandy Tou), 5 full-time cardiology technicians (4 clinical and 1 research), and a service-specific receptionist.


The residency is 3 years in duration, including training and adequate off-clinic time to complete a meaningful research project and publication, but without any graduate degree requirement. The NCSU veterinary teaching hospital offers a complete training environment with excellent collaborative opportunities with other specialists (e.g. internal medicine, critical care, radiology, and surgery). Residents participate in an active weekly schedule of cardiology reading group, cardiology journal club, house officer seminar and cardiology/critical care conferences which are maintained throughout the residency. NCSU Libraries provides access to ACVIM Cardiology examination recommended reading list materials in addition to many other relevant resources. In addition, participation in Duke University Medical Center’s pediatric cardiology case conference is encouraged when the schedule permits.

Completion of an internship in small animal medicine and surgery or equivalent is required, along with at least 3 letters of reference. An interview is also required, which may be arranged by telephone or virtually.

Inquiries are best made by e-mail to one of the Residency Coordinators (any of the cardiologists above).

Leadership and Faculty


This residency participates in the American Association of Veterinary Clinicians’ (AAVC) Veterinary Internship and Residency Matching Program (VIRMP) when a position is available.

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Information for International Applicants

Preference is given to applicants who have graduated from a college that is accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association. If you wish to apply for an internship or residency program things to keep in mind:

  1. Have your degree translated and evaluated by a reputable company. Options include: Josef Silny & AssociatesTrustforte Corporation, and World Education Services
  2. Some programs require the TOFEL exam to qualify for a internship or residency position.
  3. Most foreign interns and residents are appointed to H-1B visas.
  4. To ensure that a foreign national candidate has the H-1B visa at the start of their program the candidate will be asked to pay for the premium processing filing fee of $1,225 USD, if necessary.
  5. Getting a visa takes between 4 and 6 months if the visa is expedited it takes approximately 15 business days.
  6. Take the initial steps and apply for The Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) certification program is accepted by all state veterinary regulatory boards and the federal government as meeting, either in part or full, the educational prerequisite for licensure or certain types of employment, respectively.