NC Veterinary Pain Short Course
APRIL 20 @ 8:00 AM - APRIL 22 @ 1:00 PM
hosted by CPREC (NC State Comparative Pain Research and Education Center)
NC State College of Veterinary Medicine is proud to host the sixth international Veterinary Pain Short Course on pain, pain mechanisms and novel therapies in veterinary medicine, APRIL 20, 21 AND 22: Embassy Suites Raleigh – Durham Airport/Brier Creek, Raleigh NC. This meeting is unique in veterinary medicine for its emphasis upon fundamental (basic) principles and mechanisms of pain as they pertain to the veterinary patient.
Pain in the veterinary patient is a rich and complex phenomenon. The development of therapeutics to manage that pain state has been a subject of great interest, and advances in therapeutics reflects upon the growth in our understanding of the basic mechanisms in pain processing.
Interest in pain and its management is a natural focus of the veterinary profession as mandated by the AVMA and the standards set by the AAHA/AAFP and practiced by the International Veterinary Association for Pain Management (IVAPM).
Vet Pain is unique for a detailed emphasis upon fundamental principles and mechanisms of pain as they pertain to the veterinary patient.
Course consists of lectures with comprehensive lecture handouts and representative papers
This program is approved for 16.5 hours of veterinary continuing education credit in jurisdictions that recognize RACE approval.
Schedule Wednesday April 19
6:00 PM Welcome Reception
Schedule Thursday April 20
|8:30am – 12:00pm||Update on pain mechanisms||Tony Yaksh|
|12:00 – 1:00pm||Lunch|
|Mechanisms of head and neck pain|
|1:00 – 1:30pm||Comparative neuroanatomy of head sensory system||Stacie Gallenstein|
|1:30 – 2:15pm||Comparative biology of TG vs. DRG||Josh Emrick|
|2:15 – 3:15pm||Neurobiology of H&N radiation associated pain||Mike Nolan|
|3:15 – 3:30pm||Break|
|3:30 – 4:30pm||Neurobiology of the TG in comparison to the DRG||Yong Chen|
|4:30 – 5:30pm||Assessment of ‘head pain’ – challenges and solutions||Paulo Steagall|
Schedule Friday April 21
|Evolutionary clues to pain mechanisms; Genetics of pain|
|8:30 – 9:30am||Comparative nociception: what can we learn from fishes?||Lynne Sneddon|
|9:30 – 10:30am||Evolutionary clues about functions and mechanisms of persistent pain from arthropods, mollusks, and mammals||Edgar Walters|
|10:30 – 11:00||Break|
|11:00 – 12:00pm||What can the naked mole rat teach us about pain mechanisms?||Thom Park|
|12:00 – 1:00pm||Lunch|
|1:00 – 2:00pm||Insight from the grasshopper mouse||Ashlee Rowe|
|2:00 -3:00pm||Understanding genetics of pain using Drosophila||Dan Tracey|
|3:00 – 3:30pm||Break|
|3:30 – 4:30pm||Human Pain Genetics||Luda Diatchenko|
|5:00 – 6:30pm||Reception / Poster Session|
Agenda Saturday April 22
|Science of new targets for chronic pain|
|8:30 – 9:15am||Science of laser therapy||Juanita Anders|
|9:15 – 10:00am||Science of targeting NGF as an analgesic strategy||Anne-Marie Malfait|
|10:00 – 10:45am||Evidence and science of ketamine for chronic pain control||Bea Monterio|
|10:45 – 11:30am||Science of cannabidiol/CBD as an analgesic||Conny Mosley|
|Juanita Anders M.S., PhD
Professor of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics. USU School of Medicine
Dr. Anders is is a Professor of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics and Professor of Neuroscience, at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. Professor Anders is an internationally recognized expert in Photobiomodulation (PBM) research and has served as invited Chair and speaker globally. Her specialty is nervous system injury and repair mechanisms, pain modulation using PBM and light/tissue interactions. Dr. Anders received her Ph.D. in Anatomy from the University of Maryland Medical School then joined the National Institutes of Health in the Laboratory of Neuropathology and Neuroanatomical Sciences, NINDS. Currently she is funded by the US Department of Defense and NIH to investigate the use PBM Therapy as a non-invasive, non-pharmaceutical alternative for the management of neuropathic pain.
Professor Anders has served and continues to serve as a member of numerous state, national, and international scientific review panels including the National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration, Veterans Affairs, the Department of Defense, and the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs. She also serves on the Executive Councils and Scientific Advisory Boards of numerous international laser conferences. She is the past president of the North American Association of Laser Therapy, a founding member of the International Academy of Laser Medicine and Surgery, Past President of the American Society of Lasers in Medicine and Surgery and Past Co-Director of the Optical Society of America (OPTICA) Photobiomodulation Technical Group. She currently serves on the Advisory Board of the Optica Photobiomodulation Technical Group. She is a Senior Editor of Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, Associate Editor of Lasers in Medical Science, and Frontiers in Neuroscience (Neurogenesis) and on the editorial board of Physiotherapy Practice and Research and Laser Therapy.
|Yong Chen PhD
Senior Research Associate
Duke University School of Medicine
Dr. Yong Chen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Neurology at Duke Uni. He is also affiliated with Duke Anesthesiology-Center for Translational Pain Medicine and Duke Pathology. He received his PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in 2003 from Lanzhou University, China. He conducted his Postdoc studies with Dr. Claudia Sommer at the University of Wuerzburg in Germany from 2003 to 2006 and Dr. Juli Valtschanoff at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill from 2006-2008. He then moved to Duke University to join the group of scientist-clinician Dr. Wolfgang Liedtke, known for his discovery of TRPV4 ion channel and its role in pain. In the-Liedtke lab, his research has focused on the development and implementation of novel trigeminal pain models, with specific attention to the role of TRP ion channels in temporomandibular joint disorders pain. His professional growth was greatly expanded via NIH-supported training, including F33 and K12, which guided him toward being an independent investigator. His career path was further enhanced by receiving the following R21, R01, P01 and UC2 grants. Since 2016, Dr. Chen started his independent lab at Duke Uni. His lab mainly studies sensory neurobiology of pain and itch, with a focus on TRP ion channels and neural circuits. The main objective of his lab is to identify molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying chronic pain and chronic-disease associated itch, using a combination of animal behavioral, genetic, molecular and cellular, advanced imaging, viral, and optogenetic approaches. There are three main research areas in the lab: craniofacial pain, arthritis pain, and systemic-disease associated itch.
|Luda Diatchenko, MD, PhD
Professor, Pfizer Canada Professor in Pain Research. McGill University
Luda Diatchenko, MD, PhD is a Canada Research Chair in Human Pain Genetics and a Professor at the Faculty of Dentistry and Medicine, at McGill University. Dr. Diatchenko earned her MD and PhD in the field of Molecular Biology from the Russian State Medical University. Dr. Diatchenko started her career in industry, she was a Leader of the RNA Expression Group at Clontech, Inc., and subsequently, Director of Gene Discovery at Attagene, Inc. During this time, Dr. Diatchenko was actively involved in the development of several widely-used and widely-cited molecular tools for the analysis of gene expression and regulation. Dr. Diatchenko’s academic career started in 2000 in the Center for Neurosensory Disorders at the University of North Carolina. Her research since then is focused on determining the genetic mechanisms that impact and shape human pain perception and risk of development of chronic pain conditions, enabling new approaches to identify drug targets, treatment responses to analgesics, and diagnostics. In total, Dr. Diatchenko has authored or co-authored over 150 peer-reviewed research papers in journals, 10 book chapters, and edited a book in human pain genetics. She is a past and current member and an active officer of several national and international scientific societies, including the International Association for the Study of Pain, the American Pain Society, and Canadian Pain Society.
|Joshua Emrick, DDS, PhD
Dentistry / Biologic and Materials Sciences & Prosthodontic. University of Michigan
Dr. Joshua Emrick is an assistant professor in the Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences & Prosthodontics at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. He was awarded his D.D.S. and Ph.D. in oral and craniofacial biology from the University of California - San Francisco School of Dentistry, completing his dissertation with Dr. David Julius (Nobel Prize, 2021). Prior to joining Michigan, Dr. Emrick conducted his postdoctoral studies as a Dental Clinical Research Fellow at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) with Dr. Nicholas Ryba.
Dr. Emrick is a U-M Biological Sciences Scholar (2021), has support from a NIDCR Career Transition Award (K22) and a NIAMS UC2 as a member of the RE-JOIN Consortium. He is a member of Omicron Kappa Upsilon, and is the past recipient of the UC Regents Scholarship, Robert W. Rule Award (UCSF), Elizabeth Fuhriman Gardner Award (UCSF), Intramural Loan Repayment Program Award (NIH), Fellows Award for Research Excellence (NIH), and AADR Hatton Award.
|Stacie Gallenstein, DVM
Dr. Stacie Gallenstein earned her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine at St. George’s University School of Veterinary Medicine, Grenada in 2008. After completing a rotating internship at the Regional Institute of Veterinary Emergencies and Referrals in Chattanooga, TN, she was a small animal general practitioner in Hawaii and Nevada. Currently, she is a senior lecturer at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, where she has taught carnivore and comparative anatomy courses since 2015. .
|Duncan Lascelles BSc, BVSc, PhD, FRCVS, CertVA, DSAS(ST), DECVS, DACVS
Professor of Translational Pain Research and Management.
Dr. J. McNeely and Lynne K. DuBose Distinguished Professorship in Musculoskeletal Health
NC State College of Veterinary Medicine
Dr Lascelles is director of the Comparative Pain Research and Education Centre (CPREC). His research program (Translational Research in Pain [TRiP]) is dedicated to answering critical questions about pain control and pain mechanisms through high quality, innovative research. His career has been focused on developing algometry methods (methods to measure pain) in spontaneous disease animal models (pets with naturally occurring disease), and probing tissues from well-phenotyped animals with spontaneous disease to understand the neurobiology, with a strong translational focus. The aim of his research is to improve pain control in companion animals, and facilitate analgesic development in human medicine. He has authored over 180 peer reviewed research papers and reviews and 190 research abstracts, as well as over 30 book chapters
|Anne-Marie Malfait, M.D., Ph.D.
The George W. Stuppy, MD, Chair of Arthritis
Anne-Marie Malfait, MD PhD, is Professor of Medicine and the George W. Stuppy, MD, Chair of Arthritis at Rush University in Chicago IL. Anne-Marie received her MD degree in 1989 and her PhD in 1994, both from Ghent University in Belgium. Her early training was in rheumatology and her basic research training focused on cartilage biology. During her postdoctoral training at the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology in London, she was involved in the very early experiments that targeted TNF in inflammatory arthritis. In 2001, she joined the pharmaceutical industry, as part of a team for the development of disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs (DMOADs), with focus on chondroprotection. In 2009, Anne-Marie established a research group at Rush University, focused on pain in osteoarthritis. Her group studies the relationship between joint damage and the neurobiological processes that underlie pain associated with rheumatic diseases, using animal models and human tissues. Anne-Marie has co-authored more than 100 peer reviewed papers. She is the Director of the newly established P30-funded Chicago Center for Musculoskeletal Pain (NIAMS), and co-director of a T32 that provides postdoctoral training in Joint Health. She is PI of RE-JOIN, a new NIH-funded consortium aimed at mapping the joint-nerve interactome of the knee. In the past few years, Anne-Marie served on the Board of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International and of the Rheumatology Research Foundation, and as Chair of the Committee on Research of the American College of Rheumatology. She currently serves as faculty on the US Bone and Joint Young Investigator Initiative and the Scientific Advisory Board of the Arthritis National Research Foundation. She is strongly committed to motivating young researchers to join the efforts to study osteoarthritis and joint pain. She started as Editor-in-Chief of Osteoarthritis and Cartilage on July 1 2022 (co-editor with David Hunter from the University of Sydney).
|Kristen Messenger DVM, PhD, DACVAA, DACVCP
Assistant Professor of Pharmacology at North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine
Kristen Messenger is an Assistant Professor of Pharmacology at North Carolina State University. She is board-certified in both anesthesia and clinical pharmacology and currently works with each of these specialty services at NCSU. Dr. Messenger’s research interests are in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of analgesic and anesthetic drugs, with a special focus on NSAIDS and opioids in companion animals.
|Bea Monteiro PhD, PgDip, ISFM AdvCert FB
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Clinical Sciences
Resident at the American College of Animal Welfare
Dr. Beatriz Monteiro is a veterinarian and researcher passionate about improving pain management and promoting animal welfare. After graduating from Sao Paulo State University (Unesp-Botucatu), Brazil, she moved to Canada where she did two internships at the University of Guelph and a PhD at the University of Montreal. Recently, she completed an Advanced Certificate in Feline Behaviour by the International Society of Feline Medicine (ISFM), and a Postgraduate Diploma in International Animal Welfare, Ethics and Law (IAWEL) by the University of Edinburgh.
Dr. Monteiro works at the University of Montreal while also enrolled in a residency program of the American College of Animal Welfare. She has authored nearly 60 peer-reviewed publications and lectured in numerous conferences. Dr. Monteiro is the chair of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association - Global Pain Council (WSAVA - GPC) and is part of the editorial board of the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (JFMS).
|Conny Mosley DVM, DACVAA, CVA
Dr. Cornelia (Conny) Mosley is a boarded anesthesiologist that works as a Consultant for Orthopedic Health and Pain with Elanco Canada and provides care for chronic pain patients in her Integrative Pain Clinic. She graduated from the University of Leipzig in Germany and completed her thesis in Munich. She completed an anesthesia internship in Glasgow, Scotland and a residency in anesthesia and analgesia at the University of Washington and Florida, where she developed her long-time interest in anesthesia and analgesia of non-domestic species.
Conny has held faculty positions at North Carolina State University, Oregon State University and Ontario Veterinary College. She has a strong interest in pain managements (perioperative, postoperative as well as chronic pain) and in particular in the different integrative approaches to pain relief. Conny is certified in acupuncture from the Chi Institute in Florida, and she applies Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) principles to her patients, including Chinese Herbal Medicine. In Conny’s Integrative Pain Management Service, she helps to improve the quality of life of patients experiencing chronic pain.
Dr. Mosley is also the founding director and vice president of the Canadian Association of Veterinary Cannabinoid Medicine (https://www.cavcm.com/) an organization that helps understand, educate and collaborate in research in cannabinoid medicine and it’s role in veterinary medicine. Through this organization, Conny has played a crucial role in the field of cannabinoid veterinary medicine in Canada.
|William Muir DVM, PhD, DACVAA, DACVECC
Q Test Labs
Dr. Muir served as Professor and Director of Anesthesiology and Pain Management at The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine (1970-2007), as the research director for the US based Research Medications and Testing Consortium (RMTC) for 2 years (2007-2009), and as the Chief Medical Officer for the Animal Medical Center in New York City (2009-2012). He currently is a Professor of physiology in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Lincoln Memorial University in Harrogate TN, and Scientific Advisor for QTest laboratories (preclinical research facility) in Columbus OH.
|Michael W. Nolan, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVR (Radiation Oncology)
Professor, Radiation Oncology and Biology
NC State College of Veterinary Medicine
Dr. Mike Nolan is a Professor in the Department of Clinical Sciences at North Carolina State University. Through his clinical appointment in the Veterinary Hospital, he oversees the division of radiation oncology. He is also principal investigator for several clinical trials aimed at developing both novel cancer therapies and radiosensitizers. His laboratory focuses on reducing risk of severe cancer treatment-associated toxicity, with a focus on peripheral neuropathy and pain.
|Thomas Park, PhD
Professor and Associate Department Head
University of Illinois
His first research experience was as an undergrad, working on perceptual learning in birds and gerbils at the Johns Hopkins University. In graduate school at the University of Maryland, he also worked on perceptual learning in a songbird lab. While there, he became intrigued with sound localization and he designed behavioral tests to measure sound localization ability in birds. After grad school, he spent a brief post-doc at the Institute for Cellular and Molecular Embryology in Paris, examining inherent perceptual preferences in chickens and quail for species-specific maternal calls. He then spent a 5-year post-doc at the University of Texas pursuing his interest in sound localization on a physiological level. While at Texas, he met Gerhard Neuweiler from the University of Munich, who encouraged him to apply for an Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship to work in his lab for a year. As an assistant professor at UIC, he continued to work on sound localization using electrophysiology and the bat model system. For sabbatical, he worked for a year at the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology in Munich, focusing on the role of neuromodulators in shaping sound localization sensitivity. Over the past 20 years at UIC, he shifted his research program to study neurophysiological adaptations in the naked mole-rat. In addition to research, he enjoys interacting with undergraduates, and integrating naked mole-rat experiments into student lab classes.
|Ashlee H. Rowe PhD
Assistant Professor of Biology
University of Oklahoma
Dr Rowe is an Assistant Professor of Neurobiology in the Department of Biology and Graduate Program in Cellular & Behavioral Neurobiology at the University of Oklahoma. My research program integrates venom biochemistry with ion channel physiology and animal behavior to study sensory and neuromuscular systems. My goals are to understand how animals respond to noxious stimuli, how genotypes interact with environmental stimuli to yield phenotypic variation in sensory systems, and how phenotypic variation alters behavior. To address these questions, I study predator-prey interactions that rely on fast, specialized sensory inputs and motor responses. Arizona bark scorpions produce peptide toxins that modify the activation and inactivation gates of voltage-dependent sodium ion channels expressed in primary sensory neurons. These peptides induce burning, stinging pain and hypersensitivity to touch and pressure. Grasshopper mice, scorpion predators, are resistant to pain-inducing peptides via amino acid variation in sodium channels that regulate pain signal transmission. Interactions between venom peptides and sodium channels enable the examination of the molecular mechanisms by which animals transduce sensory stimuli and generate behavioral responses. The strength of this system is that differential sensory phenotypes (e.g., inter-individual variation in pain sensitivity) expressed in natural populations can be linked to genetic variation in ion-channel encoding genes, laying the foundation for contributions to translational medicine. I am currently collaborating with proteomic and structural biology researchers to elucidate the biophysical mechanisms of peptide-mediated inhibition of the pain-signal regulating sodium channel NaV1.8. Knowledge of the mechanisms that underlie pain signal transmission will advance our understanding of pain systems in healthy and diseased states.
|Lynne Sneddon PhD
University of Gothenburg
Dr Lynne Sneddon obtained her Ph.D in 1998 at Glasgow University studying animal behaviour, physiology and neurobiology in crustaceans. After a postdoctoral position studying weakly electric fish at Manchester University Lynne obtained a position at the Roslin Institute where she began characterising pain receptors in fish for the first time with Dr Mike Gentle. Lynne moved to the University of Liverpool in 2002 on a fellowship where she has used an integrative approach to understand mechanisms of behaviour and specialises in addressing question in aquatic animal welfare. Her work has demonstrated fish are capable of experiencing pain using techniques in neuroanatomy, physiology and molecular biology. Lynne has pursued research which aims to improve fish welfare in the aquaculture, fisheries, laboratory and ornamental contexts. In September 2020 Lynne took up a new academic position at Gothenburg University in Sweden where she continues to investigate how the welfare of aquatic animals can be improved particularly in crustaceans, cephalopods and fishes. Her latest work has involved developing AI monitoring tools to gauge the severity of pain in fish and test a range of pain-relieving drugs. Lynne is Convenor of a FELASA Working Group developing pain management strategies for laboratory zebrafish as well as advising several external groups on aquatic animal welfare.
|Paulo Steagall DVM, PhD, MSc, Dipl. DACVAA
l'Université de Montréal
Dr. Paulo Steagall is a Professor of Veterinary Anesthesiology and Pain Management at the City University of Hong Kong and the Université de Montréal. He is a board-certified specialist by the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. He is the head of a clinical research laboratory dedicated to improving pain management and animal welfare with cutting-edge research in pain assessment with emphasis on cats including the Feline Grimace Scale (www.felinegrimacescale.com). He is a member of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Global Pain Council, and co-chair of the WSAVA Therapeutic Guidelines Group, the 2022 International Society of Feline Medicine Consensus Guidelines on Acute Pain Management and the FECAVA Basic Practices in Anaesthesia and Analgesia.
|W. Dan Tracey PhD
Linda and Jack Gill Chair of Neuroscience
Dan Tracey is a Professor of Biology at Indiana University Bloomington. He studied Biology at SUNY Buffalo, graduating in 1991. He then earned an MS in Biology, working with bald eagles at Florida International University, and this was followed by a PhD in Genetics at SUNY Stony Brook. At Stony Brook, he discovered nociception behavior in Drosophila larvae. He pursued this further as a postdoc with the late Seymour Benzer at Caltech, during which time he carried out the first forward genetic screen for nociception mutants, finding the painless gene. He then spent 10 years at Duke University and moved to Indiana to fill the Linda and Jack Gill Chair of Neuroscience in 2015.
|Edgar T. Walters, PhD.
UTHealth Houston, McGovern Medical School
Professor of Integrative Biology and Anatomy, Fondren Chair in Cellular Signaling, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.
Edgar (Terry) Walters received his BA in biology from Reed College and PhD in physiology from Columbia University, working on synaptic mechanisms of learning and memory in the marine snail Aplysia, followed by related postdoctoral neurophysiological training at the University of Pittsburgh. Since 1982 as a faculty member in the McGovern Medical School his research has been on nociceptive sensitization in diverse species, including Aplysia, a moth larva, squid, and mammals. His current research focus is on electrophysiological and cell signaling mechanisms in rodent and human nociceptors that drive persistent neuropathic and postsurgical pain, primarily using incision and spinal cord injury models. His preclinical and mechanistic research efforts are complemented by inquiries into the biological evolution of pain mechanisms. In addition to his research and teaching activities, he serves as Co-Director of the UT-Houston MD/PhD Program.
|Tony L. Yaksh, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor of Anesthesiology and Pharmacology
University of California, San Diego
Tony L. Yaksh obtained his Ph.D. degree from Purdue University (1971). He served in the U.S. Army (Captain / Cmlc) in the Biomedical Laboratory at Edgewood Arsenal, MD (1971-73), was a research scientist in the School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin (1973-76) and an Associate Research Scientist in Anatomy at University College London with Pat Wall (1976-77). He worked at the Mayo Clinic with Dr. Frederick Kerr in Rochester, MN in Pharmacology and Neurosurgery (1977-1988), where he rose to the rank of Consultant and Professor. Dr. Yaksh joined University of California San Diego in 1988 as Professor and Vice Chairman for Research in the Department of Anesthesiology, and Professor in the Department of Pharmacology. His research has been on the biology of pain processing. This work has provided a basis for understanding the pharmacology of the spinal and dorsal root ganglion gating of pain information. He is an expert in spinal drug kinetics and evaluation of spinal drug safety and has published more than 850 papers and edited 6 texts. His work has garnered over 53,000 citations in over 31,000 papers. He has been a mentor to more than 150 postdoctoral fellows and trainees. He has been funded consistently by NIH since 1977 and has twice been a Javitz Award recipient from NIH. Dr. Yaksh has received several honors, including the Kerr Award from the American Pain Society, the Seldon Memorial Lecturer award from the International Anesthesia Research Society, the American Society of Anesthesiologists award for Excellence in Research and the FAER-Helrich lectureship, the Torsten Gordh lecturer award from the Swedish Society of Medicine, the Bonica Award from the International Association for the Study of Pain, and lifetime achievement/service awards from the North American Neuromodulation Society and from European Society of Regional Anesthesia.
A discounted rate of $203 + tax per night is available for attendees. Your reservation includes complimentary full breakfast buffet, evening reception, wi-fi access and airport shuttle. Reserve no later than Wednesday, April 5, 2023
Booking Link: https://www.hilton.com/en/attend-my-event/2023ncsuvetpainmanagement/
Registration fee includes scientific sessions, reception, lunches and electronic proceedings
DVM / PI Registration $400. Resident / Post Doc – Grad Student $100