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Monique Danielle Pairis Garcia, DVM, PhD, DACAW

Associate Professor, Global Production Animal Welfare

Office: 919.513.7720

Dr. Monique Pairis-Garcia is an Associate Professor and Veterinarian in Global Production Animal Welfare at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine with a 50% research, 30% teaching and 20% extension appointment. Dr. Pairis-Garcia earned her Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Doctor of Philosophy degree from Iowa State University in Ames, IA and her bachelor’s degree in biology from Grinnell College. She is board certified in the American College of Animal Welfare and serves on the Pig Welfare Committee for the American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) and National Pork Board. Dr. Pairis-Garcia’s research interests include 1) pain management in livestock animals utilizing pharmacological interventions to minimize pain 2) Development and refinement of educational material to ensure timely and appropriate euthanasia on farm and 3) Development and implementation of audit and assessment programs to ensure positive animal welfare and handling on farm. In addition, Dr. Pairis-Garcia is active in the AVMA, AASV and currently writes a column for the magazine Pig Progress with a focus on swine welfare and behavior.

2009 - Present Member. American Association of Swine Veterinarians.
2007 - Present Member. American Veterinary Medical Association.
Diplomate: American College of Animal Welfare

Poultry Welfare Auditor: Professional Animal Auditors Organization PAACO

Meat Plant Welfare Auditor: Professional Animal Auditors Organization PAACO

Swine Welfare Auditor: Professional Animal Auditors Organization PAACO

Pork Quality Assurance Advisor (PQA Plus): National Pork Board

Humane Farm Animal Care Auditor: Certified Humane
Global Health
I believe one of the most effective forms of extension to improve on-farm animal welfare is through applied research. Specifically, my applied research program applies concepts of animal welfare and behavior in three main areas; 1) Timely and humane euthanasia, 2) On-farm welfare assessments and audits, and 3) Alternative management practices to improve animal welfare on-farm. My research efforts include maintenance of Principal- and Co-principal investigator roles with extensive research collaboration within my department across multiple food animal species and participation in multi-state research addressing the swine, poultry and dairy industry needs in particular.
1. Pairis-Garcia, MD, Moeller, SJ, "The Common Swine Industry Audit: Future steps to assure positive on-farm animal welfare utilizing validated, repeatable, and feasible animal-based measures". Journal of Animal Science. Vol. 95, no. 3: 1372-1381. 2017.

2. Mullins, CR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, George, K, Anthony, R, Johnson, AK, Coleman CJ, Rault, J-L, Millman, ST, "Determination of swine euthanasia criteria and analysis of current approaches to on-farm euthanasia decision-making aids in the United States using expert opinion". Animal Welfare. 26: 449-459. 2017

3. Pullin, AN, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campler, MR, Proudfoot KL, "Validation of scan sampling techniques for behavioral observations of pastured lambs". Animal Welfare. Vol. 26, no. 2: 185-190. 2017.

4. Ruff, GR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campler, Moeller, SJ, Johnson, AK, “Effect of rubber mats on sow behavior and litter performance during lactation”. Livestock Science. Vol 204: 65-70. 2017

5. Pullin, AN, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campbell, BJ, Campler, MR, Proudfoot, KL, Fluharty, FL, “The effect of social dynamics and environment at time of early weaning on short- and long-term lamb behavior in a pasture and feedlot setting”. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. Vol 197: 32-39. 2017

6. Pullin, AN, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campbell, BJ, Campler, MR, Proudfoot KL. “Technical note: Instantaneous sampling intervals validated from continuous observation for behavioral recording of feedlot lambs”. Journal of Animal Science. Vol 95 no. 11: 4703-4707. 2017

7. Campbell, BJ, Pullin AN, Pairis-Garcia, MD, McCutcheon, JS, Lowe, MR, Fluharty, FL, “The effects of alternative weaning strategies on lamb health and performance”. Small Ruminant Research. Vol 156, 57-65. 2017

8. Campbell, BJ, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campler, MR, Moraes, LE, McCutcheon JS, Fluharty FL, "An investigation of oral moxidectin carryover to nursing lambs via milk". Small Ruminant Research. Vol. 154, 9-12. 2017.

9. Mullins, CR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Campler, MR, Anthony, R, Johnson, AK, Coleman CJ, Rault, J-L, " Teaching Tip: The development of an interactive computer-based training program for timely and humane on-farm pig euthanasia". Journal of Veterinary Medical Education. 5: 1-8. 2018

10. Campler, MR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Rault JL, Coleman, G, Arruda AG, “Caretaker attitudes towards swine euthanasia”. Translational Animal Science. 2(3): 254-262. 2018

11. Arruda, AG, Deblais L, Hale, V, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Srivastava V, Kathayat D, Kumar
A, Rajashekara, G. “Nasal and gut microbiota for sows of different health status within
six commercial swine farms from on swine production system”. BioRxiv.
doi: 2019

12. Campler, MR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Kieffer, J, Moeller S. “Sow behavior and productivity
in a small stable group-housing system”. Journal of Swine Health and Production. 27(2): 76-86. 2019

13. Burkemper, MC, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Moraes, LE, Park, RM, Moeller, SJ. “Effects of oral meloxicam and topical lidocaine on pain associated behaviors of piglets undergoing surgical castration”. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 1-10. 2019

14. Kim, SH, Lee, C, Pechtl HA, Hettick JA, Campler, MR, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Beauchemin, KA, Celi, P, Duval SM. “Effects of 3-nitrooxypropanol on enteric methane production, rumen fermentation, and feeding behavior in beef cattle fed a high-forage or high-grain diet”. Journal of Animal Science. Vol 97(7): 2687-2699. 2019

15. Cramer, MC, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Bowman, AS, Moeller, SJ, Zhang, Y, Sidhu PK, Magnin, G, Coetzee, JF. “Pharmacokinetics of transdermal flunixin in sows”. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2019

16. Ross, L, Cressman, MD, Cramer, MC, Pairis-Garcia, MD. “Validation of alternative behavioral observation methods in young broiler chickens”. Poultry Science. 2019

17. Burkemper, MC, Cramer, MC, Moeller, SJ, Pairis-Garcia, MD. “The effects of oral meloxicam on piglet performance in the pre-weaning period”. Journal of Swine Health and Production. In press. 2019

18. Johnson, A, Colpoys JD, Garcia A, Jass C, Millman, ST, Pairis-Garcia, MD, Radeacher CJ, Weimer SL, Azarpajouh, S. “A proactive blueprint to demonstrate on-farm animal welfare”. CAB Reviews. Vol 14(37): 1-8. 2019