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Lysa Pam Posner, DVM, DACVAA

Assistant Dean Student Development
Professor of Anesthesiology

Office: 919.513.6558

Phi Zeta
Diplomate American College Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia
Residency in Anesthesia-Cornell University
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine- Cornell University
Bachelor of Science (biochemistry) - Purdue University
Anesthesia and analgesia for aquatic animals
Recovery characteristics in equine patients

  • (2017) Propofol as an immersion anesthetic and in a minimum anesthetic concentration (MAC) reduction model in goldfish (Carrasius auratus).Balko JA, Wilson SK, Lewbart GA, Gaines BR, Posner LP. | J Zoo Wildlife Med 2017 Mar;48(1):48-54.
  • (2017) Agreement among diplomates of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia using two different subjective grading scales for scoring horses recovering from anesthesia and the development of a system for evaluation of horses recovering from anesthesia using three-axis accelerometry.Clark-Price SC, Lascola KM, Carter J, da Cunha AF, Donaldson LL, Doherty T, Martin Flores M, Hofmeister EH, Keating S, Mama K, Mason D, Posner LP, Sano H, Seddighi R, Shih AC, Weil A, Schaeffer DJ. | Am J Vet Res. Vol 78. No.6 June 2017.
  • (2017) Outcomes of Spatially Fractionated Radiotherapy (GRID) for Bulky Soft Tissue Sarcomas in a Large Animal Model.Nolan MW, Gieger TL, Karakashian AA, Nikolova-Karakashian MN, Posner LP, Roback DM, Rivera JN, Chang S. | Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Jan 1:1533034617690980. doi: 10.1177/1533034617690980. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 28168937.
  • (2017) Pilot study to determine the feasibility of radiation therapy for dogs with right atrial masses and hemorrhagic pericardial effusion.Nolan MW, Arkans MM, LaVine D, DeFrancesco T, Myers JA, Griffith EH, Posner LP, Keene BW, Tou SP, Gieger TL. | J Vet Cardiol. pii: S1760-2734(17)30033-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jvc.2016.12.001. [Epub ahead of print] Mar 7, 2017.
  • (2016) Recovery of horses from general anesthesia following induction with either propofol or midazolam followed by ketamine. In pressJarrett M, Bailey K, Messenger K, Prange T, Gaines B, Posner LP. | JAVMA 10-2016.
  • (2016) Immersion euthanasia of goldfish (Carassius auratus) using tricaine methanesulfonate (MS–222) or propofol.Balko JA, Oda A, Posner LP. | JAVMA, In press 12-2016.
  • (2015) Evaluation of factors leading to post-anesthetic complications in healthy horses following general anesthesia for ophthalmic and non-ophthalmic proceduresE Curto, LP Posner, KT Walsh, JA Balko, BC Gilger | JAVMA In Review, 8-2015
  • (2015) Assessment of the effects of three dosages of intravenous alfaxalone on loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta).Phillips BE , Posner LP, Lewbart GA, Christiansen EF, Harms CA. | JAVMA: (in press.) accepted for publication 12-2015).
  • (2014) Physiologic and biochemical assessments of koi carp, Cyprinus carpio, following immersion with propofol.A Oda, KM Bailey, GA Lewbart, EH Griffith, LP Posner | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2014 Dec. 1; 245 (11): 1286-91.
  • (2014) The efficacy of alfaxalone for immersion anesthesia in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)LJ Minter, KM Bailey, CA Harms, GA Lewbart, LP Posner | Vet Anaesth Analg 2014 Jul;41(4):398-405. Epub 2014 Feb 20.
  • (2014) Morbidity and Mortality in Dogs Undergoing Anesthesia and Cervical Spinal SurgeryLP Posner, CL Mariani, C Swanson, M Asakawa, N Campbell, AS King | Vet Anaesth Analg 2014. 41:137-144.
  • (2014) Alfaxalone as an Intramuscular Injectable Anesthesia in Koi Carp Cyprinus carpioKM Bailey, LJ Minter, GA Lewbart, CA Harms, Griffith EH, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 45(4):852-858. 2014.
  • (2014) Evaluation of the injectable anesthetic, alphaxalone, as a single agent and in combination with ketamine, xylazine, and morphine in the chilean rose tarantula, Grammostola roseaJ Gjeltema, LP Posner, M Stoskopf | J Zoo Wildl Med 45(4):792-801. 2014.
  • (2014) Incidence of onychectomy in cats presented for veterinary care near Raleigh NC and educational attitudes towards the procedureLA Lockhart, AA Motsinger-Reif, LP Posner | Vet Anaesth Analg 2014 Jan;41(1):48-53. doi: 10.1111/vaa.12077. Epub 2013 Jul 25.
  • (2013) Propofol with ketamine for routine induction of general anesthesia in horsesLP Posner, JI Kasten, C Kata | Vet Rec 2013 Dec 7;173(22):550. doi: 10.1136/vr.101906. Epub 2013 Nov 11.
  • (2013) Aflaxalone Anesthesia in Bullfrogs (Rana catesbeinan) by Injection or ImmersionLP Posner, KM Bailey, EY Richardson, CA Harms | J Zoo Wildl Med 2013 Dec; 44(4):965-71
  • (2013) Apheresis in three dogs weighing <14 kg.Posner LP, Willcox JL, Suter SE. | Vet Anaesth Analg 2013 Jul;40(4):403-9. doi: 10.1111/vaa.12026. Epub 2013 Mar 1.
  • Effects of MS 222 on electroretinography (ERG) in Koi FishBailey KM, Hempstead JE, Tobias JR, Borst L, Clode AB, Posner LP | J Am Vet Med Assoc 242 (11) June 1, 2013
  • (2013) Chemical Restraint and Fluid Therapy for Apheresis in Three Dogs Weighing Less than 14kgPosner LP, Willcox JL, Suter SE | Vet Anaesth Analg 2013 Mar 1. doi: 10.1111/vaa.12026. [Epub ahead of print]
  • (2013) Comparison of intratesticular lidocaine/bupivacaine versus saline placebo on pain scores and incision site reactions in dogs undergoing routine castrationBJ Stevens, LP Posner, CA Jones, BD Lascelles | Veterinary Journal 196: 499-503. 2013.
  • (2013) Repeated exposure of goldfish (Carassius auratus) to tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222)LP Posner, GN Scott, JM Law | J Zoo Wildl Med 2013. 44(2): 340-347.
  • (2013) The efficacy of alfaxalone for intravascular anesthesia and euthanasia in blue crabs (callinectes sapidus)LJ Minter, CA Harms, KE Archibald, H Broadhurst, KM Bailey, EF Christiansen, GA Lewbart, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 44(3):694-699. 2013.
  • (2012) Effects of Analgesics on Minimum Anesthetic Concentration (MAC) of Tricaine Methanesulfonate (MS 222) in GoldfishJL Ward, S McCartney, S Chinnadurai, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 43 (2): 214-222, 2012.
  • (2011) Effects of intramuscular meloxicam administration on prostaglandin E2 synthesis in the North American bullfrog (rana catesbeiana)Minter LJ, Clarke EO, Gjeltema JL, Archibald KE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA | J Zoo Wildl Med Dec;42(4):680-5, 2011.
  • (2011) Intravenous and sublingual buprenorphine in horses: pharmacokinetics and influence of sampling siteMessenger KM, Davis JL, Lafevers DH, Barlow BM, Posner LP | Vet Anaesth Analg Apr 19, 2011
  • (2011) Pharmacokinetics of intravenous and intramuscular buprenorphine in the horseDavis JL, Messenger KM, Lafevers DH, Barlow BM, Posner LP | J Vet Pharmacol Ther Mar 11, 2011
  • (2010) The Hemodynamic Effects of Medetomidine Continuous Rate Infusions in the DogCarter JE, Campbell NB, Posner LP, Swanson C | Veterinary Anesthesia Analgesia 2010. 37(3);197-206.
  • (2010) Outcome assessment of a computer animated model for learning about regulation of glomerular filtration rateJ Gookin, D McWhorter, S Vaden, LP Posner | Adv Physiol Educ 34: 97–105, 2010.
  • (2009) Effects of opionids and anesthetic drugs on body temperature in cats.Posner, LP, Pavuk, AA, Rokshar, JL, Carter, JE, Levine JF. | Veterinary Anaestheisa and Analgesia 37:35-43.
  • (2008) Propofol anesthesia in cats with hepatic lipidosisLP Posner, M Asakawa, HN Erb | Journal American Veterinary Medical Association 2008 June;232:12; 1841-1843.
  • (2008) Recovery of Horses from General Anesthesia in a Darkened or Illuminated Recovery StallSC Clark-Price, LP Posner, RD Gleed | Vet Anaesth Analg 2008; 35, 473-479.
  • (2007) Hyperthermia in cats following anesthesiaLP Posner, RD Gleed, HN Erb, JW Ludders | Vet Anaesth Analg 2007 34(1): 40-47.
  • (2007) Intrathecal Morphine Overdose in a DogAF da Cunha, JE Carter, M Grafinger, H Montgomery, SL Marks, LP Posner, PM Burns | JAVMA 2007 230:11, 1665-1668.
  • (2007) Gabapentin for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain in a Pregnant HorseJL Davis, LP Posner, Y Elce | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007 231:5, 755-758.
  • (2006) Effects of Adenosine Infusion on the Minimum Alveolar Concentration of Isoflurane in DogsM Asakawa, JW Ludders, BL Badgley, HN Erb, RD Gleed, LP Posner | Vet Anaesth Analg 2006 34(1): 9-14.
  • (2005) The HemoCue® for point-of-care hemoglobin measurement and packed cell volume estimation in catsLP Posner, HN Erb, RD Gleed | Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 2005 15:1, 22-25.
  • (2005) Acid-base and blood gas parameters during laparoscopy in the head-down position in white tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)LP Posner, JB Woodie, P Curtis, RD Gleed, HN Erb, R Gilbert | J Zoo Wildl Med 2005 36:4, 642-47.
  • (2004) Effects of Premedication on Gastroduodenoscopy in Isoflurane-anesthetized catsAA Smith, LP Posner, RE Goldstein, JW Ludders, HN Erb, KW Simpson, RD Gleed | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004 Aug;225:4;540-544.
  • (2003) Colloid osmotic pressure after hemorrhage and replenishment with Oxyglobin Solution, hetastarch, or whole blood in pregnant sheepLP Posner, PF Moon, SP Bliss, RD Gleed, HN Erb | Vet Anaesth Analg 2003:30;30-36.
  • (2003) Assessment of the HemoCue® for measuring hemoglobin in horse bloodH Chevalier, LP Posner, JW Ludders, HN Erb, RD Gleed | J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003:223:1; 78-83.
  • (2001) Fetal oxygen content is restored after maternal hemorrhage and resuscitation with polymerized bovine hemoglobin but not with hetastarch in pregnant sheepPF Moon, SP Bliss, LP Posner, HN Erb, PN Nathanielsz | Anesthesia and Analgesia 2001:93;142-50
  • (2000) An alternative method for induction of anesthesia in rabbitsSH Foerster, MM McEwen, LP Posner | Exotic DVM Magazine 2000:2;5.