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Craig Harms, DVM, PhD, Diplomate (ACZM)

Professor, Aquatics, Wildlife, & Zoo Medicine
Director, Marine Health Program (CMAST)

Contact:

caharms@ncsu.edu
Office: 252.222.6339
Center: Center for Marine Sciences and Technology
Center: Environmental Medical Consortium

Dr. Harms directs the Marine Health Program at CMAST, and conducts clinically applied research on health and diseases of aquatic and nondomestic species in the course of delivering veterinary services and support at the NC Aquariums, the Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center, marine mammal and sea turtle stranding networks, area research aquaculture facilities, and our Morehead City/Beaufort area marine laboratories.

Recent work has included identification of novel and emerging aquatic animal pathogens, meeting unique anesthetic challenges for in-water sensory biology research, assessing and mitigating physiologic impact of capture techniques for wildlife research, welfare concerns for stranded large whales, and pharmacokinetics in nondomestic species.

Dr. Harms received his DVM from Iowa State University in 1989, and his PhD in Immunology from NC State University in 1999.
Affiliations
Internship in Zoo, Exotic and Wildlife Medicine, Kansas State University
Residency in Zoological Medicine, North Carolina State University
Certifications
Diplomate, American College of Zoological Medicine
Spontaneous Animal Disease Models
Dr. Harms conducts clinically applied research on health and diseases of aquatic and nondomestic species in the course of delivering veterinary services and support at the NC Aquariums, the Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center, marine mammal and sea turtle stranding networks, area research aquaculture facilities, and our Morehead City/Beaufort area marine laboratories.

Recent work has included identification of novel and emerging aquatic animal pathogens, meeting unique anesthetic challenges for in-water sensory biology research, assessing and mitigating physiologic impact of capture techniques for wildlife research, welfare concerns for stranded large whales, and pharmacokinetics in nondomestic species.

  • (2017) Assessment of the effects of three doses of intravenous alfaxalone on yearling loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta)Phillips BE, Posner LP, Lewbart GA, Christiansen EF, Harms CA | J Am Vet Med Assoc 250: 909-917.
  • (2016) Hearing in the juvenile green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas): a comparison of underwater and aerial hearing using auditory evoked potentials.Piniak WED, Mann DA, Harms CA, Jones TT, Eckert SA. | PlosOne 11(10): e015971. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159711.
  • (2016) Female-bias in a long-term study of a species with temperature-dependent sex determination: establishing baselines for climate change research.McNeill JB, Avens L, Hall AG, Goshe LR, Harms CA, Owens DW. | PlosOne 11(8): e0160911. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160911.
  • (2016) Effect of water temperature on the hydrolysis of two absorbable sutures used in fish surgery.Cannizzo SA, Roe, SC, Harms CA, Stoskopf MK. | FACETS 1: 44054. DOI: 10.1139/facets-2016-0006.
  • (2016) Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin and its metabolite ciprofloxacin in the green sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) following intracoelomic and immersion administration.Phillips B, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Lahner L, Haulena M, Rosenberg J, Papich MG. | J Zoo Wild Med 2016. 47(1):175-186.
  • (2016) Tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) sedation and anesthesia in the purple-spined sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata)Applegate, Jr JR, Dombrowski DS, Christian LS, Bayer MP, Harms CA, Lewbart GA | J Zoo Wildl Med 47: 1025-1033.
  • (2016) Voriconazole toxicity in multiple penguin species.Hyatt MW, Georoff TA, Nollens HH, Wells RL, Clauss TM, Ialeggio DM, Harms CA, Wack AN. | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 880-888. http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2015-0128.1
  • (2016) Best practice guidelines for field-based surgery and anesthesia on free-ranging wildlife. II. Surgery.Fiorello CV, Harms CA, Chinnadurai SK, Strahl-Heldreth D. | J Wildl Dis 52: S28-S39. http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/52.2S.S28
  • (2016) Guidelines for field-based surgery and anesthesia of free-ranging wildlife. I. Anesthesia and analgesia.Chinnadurai SK, Strahl-Heldreth D, Fiorello CV, Harms CA. 2016. | J Wildl Dis 52: S14-S27. http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/52.2S.S14
  • (2016) Blood gas, lactate and hematology effects of venipuncture timing and location after mist-net capture of mourning doves (Zenaida macroura), boat-tailed grackles (Quiscalus major) and house sparrows (Passer domesticus).Harms CA, Jinks MR, Harms RV. | J Wildl Dis 52: S54-S64. http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/52.2S.S54
  • (2016) Enrofloxacin population pharmacokinetics in the purple sea star, Pisaster ochraceus, following single intracoelomic injection or extended immersion administration.Rosenberg JF, Haulena M, Phillips BE, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Lahner L, Papich MG. | Am J Vet Res, 77(10):1266-1275.
  • (2016) Comparison of hematology, plasma biochemistry, and blood gas parameters between two venipuncture sites in southern stingrays (Dasyatis americana).Phillips BE, Christiansen EF, Stoskopf MK, Broadhurst H, George R. Harms CA. | Vet Clin Path, 45: 627-633
  • (2016) Prevalence and anatomic site of Crassicauda infection, and its use in species identification, in Kogiid whales from the mid-Atlantic United States.Keenan-Bateman TF, McLellan WA, Harms CA, Piscitelli MA, Barco SG, Thayer VG, Clark KL, Doshkov PK, Rotstein DS, Potter CW, Pabst DA. | Mar Mam Sci, 32: 868-883.
  • (2016) Exuberant granulation tissue response associated with Neobenedenia sp. (Monogenea: Capsalidae) infestation in two cobia, Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus).Hurley-Sanders J, Harms C, Christiansen E, Clarke III E, Law JM. | J Fish Dis, 39: 277-283. doi:10.1111/jfd.12360
  • (2016) Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in purple sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) following an intracoelomic injection or extended immersion.Rosenberg J, Haulena M, Phillips B, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Lahner L, Papich M. | AJVR 77(10):1266-1275.
  • (2016) Tricaine methanesulfonate sedation and anesthesia in the Atlantic purple sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata). Applegate JR Jr, Dombrowski DS, Cristian LS, Bayer MP, Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 47: 1025-1033. http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2015-0288.1
  • (2015) Exertional myopathy in a juvenile green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) entangled in a large mesh gillnet.Phillips BE, Cannizzo SA, Godfrey MH, Stacy BA, Harms CA. | Case Reports Vet Med, Volume 2015, Article ID 604320, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/604320.
  • (2015) Plasma protein electrophoresis and acute phase proteins in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exploratory celiotomy.Christiansen EF, Cray C, Lewbart GA, Harms CA. | J Exotic Pet Med: 24: 76-83.
  • (2015) Clinical pathology reference intervals for an in-water population of juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Core Sound, North CarolinaKelly T, McNeill JB, Avens L, Hall AG, Goshe LR, Hohn AA, Godfrey MH, Mihnovets AN, Cluse WM, Harms CA. | PLOS ONE 10(3): e0115739. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115739
  • (2015) Movement of invasive adult lionfish Pterois volitans using telemetry: importance of controls to estimate and explain variable detection probabilities.Bacheler NM, Whitfield PE, Muñoz RC, Harrison BB, Harms CA, Buckel CA | Mar Ecol Prog Ser 527: 205-220. doi:10.3354/meps11241
  • (2015) Niemuth JN, Harms CA, Stoskopf MK. 2015. Effects of processing time on whole blood and plasma samples from loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) for 1H-NMR-based metabolomics.Niemuth JN, Harms CA, Stoskopf MK | Herp Cons Biol 10: 149-160.
  • (2015) Oral transmucosal detomidine gel for the sedation of the domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo).Phillips BE, Harms CA, Messenger KM. | J Exotic Pet Med 24: 446-454. doi:10.1053/j.jepm.2015.08.012
  • (2015) Fibropapillomatosis in rehabilitating loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta).9. Page-Karjian A, Norton, TM, Harms C, Mader D, Herbst LH, Stedman N, Gottdenker NL. | Dis Aquat Org 115: 185-191. doi: 10.3354/dao02878
  • (2014) Low residue euthanasia of stranded mysticetes.9. Harms CA, McLellan WA, Moore MJ, Barco SG, Clarke EO, Thayer VG, Rowles TK. | J Wildl Dis 50: 63-73. doi: 10.7589/2013-03-074
  • (2014) Strandings illustrate marine mammal biodiversity and human impacts off the coast of North Carolina, USA.9. Byrd BL, Hohn, AA, Lovewell GN, Altman K, Barco SG, Friedlaender A, Harms CA, McLellan WA, Moore KT, Rosel PE, Thayer VG. | Fish Bull 112: 1-23. doi: 10.7755/FB.112.1.1
  • (2014) Sedation and anesthesia of hatchling leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) for auditory evoked potential measurement in air and in water.9. Harms CA, Piniak WED, Eckert SA, Stringer EM. | J Zoo Wildl Med 45: 86-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2013-0183R.1
  • (2014) Bartonella henselae and Bartonella koehlerae DNA in birds9. Mascarelli PE, McQuillan M, Harms CA, Harms RV, Breitschwerdt EB. | Emerg Infec Dis 20: 490-492. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2003.130563
  • (2014) Sedation of red porgy (Pagrus pagrus) and black sea bass (Centropristis striata) using ketamine, dexmedetomidine and midazolam delivered via intramuscular injection.Christiansen EF, Mitchell JM, Harms CA, Stoskopf MK. | J Zoo Aquarium Res 2: 62-68. http://www.jzar.org/jzar/article/download/41/34 (cover photo)
  • (2014) Meloxicam pharmacokinetics using non-linear mixed effects modeling in ferrets after single subcutaneous administration.Chinnadurai SK, Messenger K, Papich MG, Harms CA. | J Vet Pharm Ther 37: 382-387. doi: 10.1111/jvp.12099
  • (2014) The efficacy of alfaxalone for immersion anesthesia in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)LJ Minter, KM Bailey, CA Harms, GA Lewbart, LP Posner | Vet Anaesth Analg Epub ahead of print, 2014. doi:10.1111/vaa.12113
  • (2014) Alfaxalone as an Intramuscular Injectable Anesthesia in Koi Carp Cyprinus carpioKM Bailey, LJ Minter, GA Lewbart, CA Harms, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 45(4):852-858. 2014.
  • (2013) Aflaxalone Anesthesia in Bullfrogs (Rana catesbeinan) by Injection or ImmersionLP Posner, KM Bailey, EY Richardson, CA Harms | J Zoo Wildl Med 2013 Dec; 44(4):965-71
  • (2013) Rapid decreases in salinity, but not increases, lead to immune dysregulation in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus).Choi K, Cope WG, Harms CA, Law JM. 2013. | J Fish Dis 36: 389-399. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2012.01417.x
  • (2013) Mycobacteriosis, Mycobacterium chelonae, in a captive yellow stingray (Urobatis jamaicensis).Clarke EO III, Dorn B, Boone A, Risatti G, Gilbert-Marcheterre K, Harms CA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 470-474.
  • (2013) Intestinal and cloacal strictures in free-ranging and aquarium-maintained green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas).Erlacher-Reid CD, Norton TM, Harms CA, Thompson R, Walsh MT, Stamper MA | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 408-429.
  • (2013) Mycobacteriosis, Mycobacterium chelonae, in a captive yellow stingray (Urobatis jamaicensis).Clarke EO III, Dorn B, Boone A, Risatti G, Gilbert-Marcheterre K, Harms CA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 470-474.
  • (2013) Intestinal and cloacal strictures in free-ranging and aquarium-maintained green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas).Erlacher-Reid CD, Norton TM, Harms CA, Thompson R, Walsh MT, Stamper MA | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 408-429.
  • (2013) Electrocardiograms of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) out of water: habituated collection versus wild post-capture animals.Harms CA, Jensen ED, Townsend FI, Hansen LJ, Schwacke LH, Rowles TK. | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 970-979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2013-0093.1
  • (2013) Pre- and post-surgical evaluation of bearded dragons undergoing sterilization.Christiansen EF, Stoskopf MK, Harms CA. | J Herp Med Surg 23: 83-90.
  • (2013) Underwater anesthesia of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) for auditory evoked potential measurements.Christiansen EF, Piniak WED, Lester LA, Harms CA. | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 52: 792-797.
  • (2013) The efficacy of alfaxalone for intravascular anesthesia and euthanasia in blue crabs (callinectes sapidus)LJ Minter, CA Harms, KE Archibald, H Broadhurst, KM Bailey, EF Christiansen, GA Lewbart, LP Posner | J Zoo Wildl Med 44(3):694-699. 2013.
  • (2012) Clinical and pathological effects of the polyopisthocotylean monogenean, Gamacallum macroura (MacCallum and MacCallum 1913) Unnithan 1971, in white bass (Morone chrysops).Clarke EO III, Harms CA, Law JM, Flowers JR, Williams VN, Ring BD, McGinty AS, Hopper M, Sullivan CV. | J Aquat Anim Health 24: 251-257.
  • (2012) Population characteristics, age structure, and growth dynamics of neritic juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico.Avens L, Goshe LR, Harms CA, Anderson ET, Hall AG, Cluse WM, Godfrey MH, Braun-McNeill J, Stacy B, Bailey R, Lamont MM. | Mar Ecol Prog Ser 458: 213-229, doi: 10.3354/meps09720.
  • (2012) Venous blood gas and lactate values of mourning doves (Zenaida macroura), boat-tailed grackles (Quiscalus major) and house sparrows (Passer domesticus) following capture by mist net, banding, and venipuncture.Harms CA, Harms RV. | J Zoo Wildl Med 43: 77-84.
  • (2012) Identification and management of ocular lipid deposition in association with hyperlipidemia in captive moray eels Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani, Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier), and Muraena retifera Goode & Bean.Clode AB, Harms CA, Fatzinger MH, Young F, Colitz CH, Wert D. | J Fish Dis 35: 683-693.
  • (2012) Splenic mycobacteriosis in an Atlantic guitarfish, Rhinobatos lentiginosus (Garman).Anderson ET, Frasca S, Asakawa M, Fatzinger MH, Johnson J, Marchettere K, Goodale L, Risatti GR, Harms CA. | J Fish Dis 35: 541-544, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2761.2012.01367.x.
  • (2011) Pharmacokinetics of clindamycin in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after a single intravenous, intramuscular or oral dose.Harms CA, Cranston EA, Papich MB, Rodriguez MX, Higgins MB, Flanagan JP. | J Herp Med Surg 21: 113-119.
  • (2011) Evaluation of hematology and serum biochemistry of cold-stunned green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) in North Carolina.Anderson ET, Harms CA, Stringer EM, Cluse WM. | J Zoo Wildl Med 42: 247-255, DOI: 10.1638/2010-0217.1.
  • (2011) The effects of feeding on hematological and plasma biochemical profiles in green (Chelonia mydas) and Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) sea turtles.Anderson ET, Minter LJ, Clarke EO, Mroch RM, Beasley JF, Harms CA. | Vet Med Int. 2011, DOI:10.4061/2011/890829, 7 pp., http://www.sage-hindawi.com/journals/vmi/aip/890829/
  • (2011) Hyperplastic adipose lids in mackerel scad (Decapterus macarellus).Boylan SM, Harms CA, Waltzek T, Law JM, Garner M, Cassell J, Fatzinger MH, Govett P. | J Fish Dis 34: 921-925.
  • (2010) Gross and histological evaluation of five suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the California sea hare (Aplysia callifornica).Anderson ET, Davis AS, Law JM, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Harms CA. | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 49: 64-68.
  • (2010) Comparison of ionized calcium, parathyroid hormone, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D in rehabilitating and healthy wild green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas).Stringer EM, Harms CA, Beasley JF, Anderson ET. | J Herp Med Surg 20: 122-127, DOI: 10.5818/1529-9651-20.4.122.
  • (2010) Hematology, plasma biochemistry, and tissue enzyme activities of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) off North Carolina, USA.Anderson ET, Stoskopf MK, Morris JA, Clarke EO, Harms CA. | J Aquat Anim Health 22: 266-273.
  • (2010) Gross and histological evaluation of five suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the California sea hare (Aplysia callifornica).Anderson ET, Davis AS, Law JM, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Harms CA. | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 49: 64-68.
  • (2009) Surgical repair of severe flipper lacerations in a loggerhead, Caretta caretta, and a Kemp’s ridley, Lepidochelys kempii, sea turtle.Church ML, Grafinger MS, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Christian LS, Beasley JF. | J Zoo Wildl. Med 40: 744-751.
  • (2009) A technique for underwater anesthesia compared with manual restraint of sea turtles undergoing auditory evoked potential measurements.Harms CA, Eckert SA, Jones TT, Dow Piniak WE, Mann DA. | J Herp Med Surg 19: 8-12.
  • (2009) A technique for underwater anesthesia compared with manual restraint of sea turtles undergoing auditory evoked potential measurements.Harms CA, Eckert SA, Jones TT, Dow Piniak WE, Mann DA. | J Herp Med Surg 19: 8-12.
  • (2009) Characterizing eversion syndrome in captive scyphomedusa jellyfish.Freeman KS, Lewbart GA, Robarge WP, Harms CA, Law M, Stoskopf MK. | Am J Vet Res 70: 1087-1093.
  • (2008) Evaluation of multiple clinical chemistry analyzers for sea turtle health assessment.Wolf KN, Harms CA, Beasley J. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 233: 470-475.
  • (2008) Mortalities associated with sepsis, parasitism and disseminated round cell neoplasia in yellow-lipped kraits (Laticauda colubrina).Chinnadurai SK, Brown DL, Van Wettere A, Tuttle AD, Fatzinger MH, Linder KE, Harms CA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 39: 626-630.
  • (2008) Propofol anesthesia in loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles.Maclean RA, Harms CA, Braun-McNeill J. | J Wildl Dis 44: 143-150. ACZM Manuscript Award winner.
  • (2008) Presumed hyperglycemic cataracts in a live-stranded minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) calf.Harms CA, Lovewell GN, Rotstein DS. | Mar Mam Sci 24: 388-397.
  • (2008) Three cases of gastric prolapse through the gill slit in sand tiger sharks, Carcharhinus taurus (Rafinesque).Tuttle AD, Burrus O, Burkart MA, Scott PW, Stoskopf MK, Harms CA. | J Fish Dis 31: 311-315.
  • (2008) Bartonella species detection in captive, stranded and free-ranging cetaceans.Harms CA, Maggi RG, Breitschwerdt EB, Clemons-Chevis CL, Solangi M, Rotstein DS, Fair PA, Hansen LJ, Hohn AA, Lovewell GN, McLellan WA, Pabst DA, Rowles TK, Schwacke LH, Townsend FI, Wells RS. | Vet Res 39:59:00
  • (2008) Propofol anesthesia in loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles.Maclean RA, Harms CA, Braun-McNeill J. | J Wildl Dis 44: 143-150. ACZM Manuscript Award winner.
  • (2007) Multi-tiered health assessment of Atlantic menhaden in the Pamlico River, North Carolina.Johnson AK, Law JM, Harms CA, Levine JF. | J Aquat Anim Health 19: 205-214.
  • (2007) Hypoxia-reperfusion triggers immunocompromise in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).Choi K, Law JM, Harms CA, Lehman W. | J Aquat Anim Health 19: 128-140. Selected Best Paper for JAAH for 2007.
  • (2007) Field anaesthesia of leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea).Harms CA, Eckert SA, Kubis SA, Campbell M, Levenson DH, Crognale MA. | Vet Rec 161: 15-21.
  • (2007) Outcomes for adult laboratory ferret adoptions following gonadectomy in a veterinary student teaching exercise.Harms CA, Stoskopf MK. | J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 46(4): 50-54.
  • (2006) Influence of preoperative oxytetracycline administration on community composition and antimicrobial susceptibility of cloacal bacterial flora of loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta, post-hatchlings.Kelly TK, Harms CA, Lemons C, McClellan C, Hohn AA. | J Herp Med Surg 16(1): 9-14.
  • (2006) Relationship between barnacle epibiotic load and hematologic parameters in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta), a comparison between migratory and residential animals in Pamlico Sound, North Carolina.Stamper MA, Harms CA, Epperly SP, Braun-McNeill J, Avens L, Stoskopf MK. | J Zoo Wildl Med 36: 635-641.
  • (2006) A quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay to measure TGF-beta mRNA and its correlation with hematologic, plasma chemistry and organo-somatic indices responses in triamcinolone-treated Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus.Johnson AK, Harms CA, Levine JF, Law JM. | Dev Comp Imm 30: 473-484.
  • (2006) Echinoderms.Harms CA. | In: Lewbart GA (ed). Invertebrate Medicine. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell,
  • (2005) Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, after a single i.v. injection and bath administration.Gore SR, Harms CA, Kukanich B, Forsythe J, Lewbart GA, Papich MG. | Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics Oct;28(5):433-439, 2005.
  • (2005) Detection of Bartonella henselae in harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) blood: the first evidence of Bartonella spp. infection in a non-terrestrial animal.Maggi RG, Harms CA, Hohn AA, Pabst DA, McClellan WA, Walton WJ, Rotstein DS, Breitschwerdt EB. | Emerg Infect Dis 11: 1894-1898.
  • (2005) Lymphoid follicular cloacal inflammation associated with a novel herpesvirus in juvenile alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).Govett PD, Harms CA, Johnson AJ, Latimer KS, Wellehan JFX, Fatzinger MH, Christian LS, Kelly TR, Lewart GA. | J Vet Diag Invest 17: 474-479.
  • (2005) Behavioral and clinical pathology changes in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) subjected to anesthesia and surgery with and without intra-operative analgesics.Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Swanson CR, Kishimori JM, Boylan SM. | Comp Med 55: 223-228.
  • (2005) Surgery in fish research: common procedures and postoperative care.Harms CA. | Lab Anim 34:28-34.
  • (2004) Plasma biochemistry reference values of wild-caught southern stingrays (Dasyatis americana).Cain DK, Harms CA, Segars A. | J Zoo Wildl Med 35: 471-476.
  • (2004) Effect of four different suture materials on the surgical wound healing of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta).Govett PD, Harms CA, Linder KE, Marsh JC, Wyneken J. | J Herp Med Surg 35(4): 6-11.
  • (2004) Struvite penile urethrolithiasis in a pygmy sperm whale, (Kogia breviceps).Harms CA, Lo Picolo R, Rotstein DS, Hohn AA. | J Wildl Dis 40: 588-593.
  • (2004) Associations between organochlorine contaminant concentrations and clinical health parameters in loggerhead sea turtles from North Carolina, U.S.A.Keller JM, Kucklick JR, Stamper MA, Harms CA, McClellan-Green PD. X | Environmental Health Perspectives x Environmental Health Perspectives 112: 1074-1079.
  • (2004) Organochlorine contaminants in sea turtles: correlations between whole blood and fat.Keller JM, Kucklick JR, Harms CA, McClellan-Green P. | Envir Toxicol Chem 23: 726-738.
  • (2004) Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after a single intravenous and intramuscular injection.Harms CA, Papich MG, Stamper MA, Ross PM, Rodriguez M, Hohn AA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 35: 477-488.
  • (2003) Anesthesia and liver biopsy techniques for pigeon guillemots suspected of exposure to crude oil in marine environments.Degernes LA, Harms CA, Golet GH, Mulcahy DM. | J Av Med Surg 16: 291-299.
  • (2003) Venous blood gases and lactates of wild loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) following two capture techniques.Harms CA, Mallo KM, Ross PM, Segars A. | J Wildl Dis 39: 366-374.
  • (2003) Endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus and stomach in three loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and a Malaysian giant turtle (Orlitia borneensis).Presler BM, Goodman RA, Harms CA, Hawkins EC, Lewbart GA. | J Zoo Wildl Med 34: 88-92.
  • (2003) Transforming growth factor-ß response to mycobacterial infection in striped bass Morone saxatilis and hybrid tilapia Oreochromis spp.Harms CA, Howard KE, Wolf JC, Smith SA, Kennedy-Stoskopf S. | Vet Imm Immunopath 95: 155-163.
  • (2003) Supraplastron approach to the cranial coelomic cavity in a loggerhead turtle.Jaeger GH, Wosar MA, Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 223: 353-355.
  • (2003) Fish.Harms CA. | In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds). Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp. 2-20.
  • (2002) Medical management of mixed nocardial and unidentified fungal osteomyelitis in a Kemp's ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys kempii.Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Beasley J. | J Herp Med Surg 12 (3): 21-26.
  • (2002) Plasma biochemistry reference values of wild bonnethead sharks, Sphyrna tiburo.Harms C, Ross T, Segars A. | Vet Clin Path 31: 111-115.
  • (2002) Pharmacokinetics of fluconazole in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after single intravenous and subcutaneous injections, and multiple subcutaneous injections.Mallo K, Harms CA, Lewbart GA, Papich MG. | J Zoo Wildl Med x J Zoo Wildl Med 33: 29-35.
  • (2001) Surgery.Harms CA, Wildgoose, WH. | In: Wildgoose WH (ed). BSAVA Manual of Ornamental Fish, 2nd ed. Goucester, UK: British Small Animal Veterinary Association. Pp. 259 - 266.
  • (2001) Intraocular pressures of juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in different body positions.Chittick B, Harms C. | Vet Rec 149: 587-589.
  • (2001) Argulus sp. infestation of river frogs: treatment with lufenuron.Wolfe BA, Harms CA, Groves J, Loomis MR. | Contemp Topics Lab Anim Med 40:35-36.
  • (2000) Evaluation of epidural morphine for post-surgical analgesia in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo).Sladky KK, Horne WA, Goodrowe KL, Stoskopf MK, Loomis MR, Harms CA. | Contemp Topics Lab Anim Med 39 (6): 33-38.
  • (2000) Surgery in fish.Harms CA, Lewbart GA. | Vet Clin N Am: Exot Anim Practice 3: 759-774.
  • (2000) Quantitative polymerase chain reaction for transforming growth factor-b applied to a field study of fish health in Chesapeake Bay tributaries.Harms CA, Ottinger CA, Blazer VS, Densmore CL, Pieper LH, Kennedy-Stoskopf S. | Environ Health Perspectives 108: 447-452.
  • (2000) Correlation of transforming growth factor-b messenger RNA (TGF-b mRNA) expression with cellular immunoassays in triamcinolone-treated captive hybrid striped bass.Harms CA, Ottinger CA, Kennedy-Stoskopf S. | J Aquatic Anim Health 12: 9-17.
  • (2000) Cloning and sequencing hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis x M. chrysops) transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b), and development of a reverse transcription quantitative competitive polymerase chain reaction (RT-qcPCR) assay to measure TGF-b mRNA of teleost fish.Harms CA, Kennedy-Stoskopf S, Horne WA, Fuller FJ, Tompkins WAF. | Fish Shellfish Imm 10: 61-85.
  • (2000) Use of a two-step Percoll® gradient for separation of loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta peripheral blood mononuclear cells.Harms CA, Keller JM, Kennedy-Stoskopf S. | J Wildl Dis 36: 535-540.
  • (1999) Anesthesia in fish.Harms CA. | In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds). Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 4. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co, pp. 158-163.
  • (1999) Sinus venosus catheterization for repeated vascular access in the hybrid striped bass.Bakal RS, Harms CA, Khoo LH, Stoskopf MK. | J Aquat Anim Health 11: 187-191.
  • (1997) A technique for dorsal subcutaneous implantation of heart rate biotelemetry transmitters in black ducks: application to an aircraft noise response study.Harms CA, Fleming WJ, Stoskopf MK. | Condor 99: 231-237.
  • (1995) Microsurgical excision of an abdominal mass in a gourami (Colisa labiosa).Harms CA, Bakal RS, Khoo LH, Spaulding KA, Lewbart GA. | J Am Vet Med Assoc 207: 1215-1217.
  • (1995) The efficacy of alfaxalone for the intravascular anesthesia and euthanasia in blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus).Minter LJ, Harms CA, Archibald KE, Broadhurst H, Bailey KM, Christiansen EF, Lewbart GA, Posner LP. 2013. | J Zoo Wildl Med 44: 694-699.
  • (1995) Rapid decreases in salinity, but not increases, lead to immune dysregulation in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus).Choi K, Cope WG, Harms CA, Law JM. 2013. | J Fish Dis 36: 389-399. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2012.01417.x
  • (1994) Hypothyroidism in psittacine birds: Development of an experimental model in the cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus).Harms CA, Hoskinson JJ, Bruyette DS, Carpenter JW, Galland J, Veatch JK, Wilson SC, Baier JG. | Am J Vet Res 55: 399-404.
  • (1993) Megaesophagus in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo).Harms CA, Andrews GA. | Lab Anim Sci 43: 506-508.
  • (1985) Ophiuroids in a Bahamian saltwater lake: the ecology of a Paleozoic-like community.Aronson RB, Harms CA. | Ecology 66: 1472-1483.

NOAA Requests CVM Experts Participate in Oil Spill Response

Oil Spill Request: The North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine received an emergency request from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for marine animal experts to assist in the Gulf Coast oil spill response. Dr. Greg Lewbart, professor of aquatic animal medicine; Dr. Craig Harms, an associate professor of aquatic, wildlife, and zoologic