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Duncan Lascelles


CVM Research Building 208


After graduating from the veterinary program at the University of Bristol, U.K., with honors, in 1991 Dr. Lascelles completed a PhD in aspects of pre-emptive/perioperative analgesia at the University of Bristol. After an internship there, he completed his surgical residency at the University of Cambridge, U.K. He moved to Colorado for the Fellowship in Oncological Surgery at Colorado State University, then a period of post-doctoral research in feline pain and analgesia at the University of Florida, and is currently Professor in Small Animal Surgery and Pain Management at North Carolina State University. He is board-certified in small animal surgery by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, the European College of Veterinary Surgeons, and the American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

He is director of the Comparative Pain Research and Education Centre (CPREC). His research program (Translational Research in Pain [TRiP]) is dedicated to answering critical questions about pain control and pain mechanisms through high quality, innovative research. His career has been focused on developing algometry methods (methods to measure pain) in spontaneous disease animal models (pets with naturally occurring disease), and probing tissues from well-phenotyped animals with spontaneous disease to understand the neurobiology, with a strong translational focus. The aim of his research is to improve pain control in companion animals, and facilitate analgesic development in human medicine. He has authored over 180 peer reviewed research papers and reviews and 190 research abstracts, as well as over 30 book chapters.


International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), member
IASP Special Interest Group on Non-Human Pain
Chair, World Small Animal Veterinary Association Global Pain Council
Thurston Arthritis Center, Medical School, UNC Chapel Hill, member
Center for Translational Pain Medicine, Duke University, member


Fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Diplomate, European College of Veterinary Surgeons
Diploma of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, Soft Tissue Surgery

Area(s) of Expertise

Dr. Lascelles' research is focused on developing algometry methods in spontaneous disease animal models (i.e. developing ways to measure the many dimensions impacted by pain), and probing tissues from well-phenotyped animals with spontaneous disease to understand the neurobiology of that pain. The two fundamental aims of his research are: 1) to improve pain control in companion animals, and 2) to facilitate analgesic development in human medicine though using companion animals with spontaneous (naturally occurring) disease.


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Date: 08/01/23 - 7/31/28
Amount: $564,231.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

The National Research Council has documented a dire national need for veterinary specialists trained in biomedical research. Furthermore, veterinary researchers play a key role in comparative and translational research activities since they naturally bridge basic and clinical research. To address this training need, we request continued NIH funding for 7 fellows per year for 3 years. NC State University will provide funding for up to 2 fellows per year and 2 pre-T32 positions. Trainees will be degree-seeking fellows in the Comparative Medicine and Translational Research training program established by the faculty in the College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) and the Comparative Medicine Institute (CMI) at North Carolina State University. This training program specifically targets individuals with the DVM degree who have completed specialty training and is designed to prepare trainees to compete for an early career development award and a rapid transition to independence as a principal investigator or in another research-intensive career. Trainees complete requirements leading to the PhD degree in Comparative Biomedical Sciences (CBS) in one of 7 areas of concentration: 1) Immunology 2) Cell Biology, 3) Pharmacology, 4) Neurosciences, 5) Infectious Diseases, 6) Population Medicine and Global Health, and 7) Pathology. Training faculty are well-funded productive scientists that have a strong training track-record and diverse research expertise. Training faculty are all members of the CBS graduate program and the CMI and represent 5 departments from 3 Colleges. Research projects emphasize comparative and translational themes fostered by the CVM and CMI in functional tissue engineering, translational pharmacology and physiology, and emerging and infectious diseases. Program requirements include: (1) a capstone comparative animal models course; (2) professional development courses and workshops; (3) courses in research ethics and research rigor and reproducibility; (4) a grant writing course and (5) annual research symposia. These requirements are in addition to those associated with the graduate program. Twenty four fellows have completed training. Twenty hold faculty positions in academia, one is a research pathologist, one is a clinical pathologist in industry, and one is a postdoctoral fellow. Fellows were awarded 18 NIH or other federal grants as PI and more than 50 extramural research grants and published 125 papers (84 first author) arising from their research while in training.

Date: 08/05/22 - 6/30/27
Amount: $550,169.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

"SPECIFIC AIMS: This project will provide insights into mechanisms of multiple joint osteoarthritis (MJOA) and build the foundation for therapeutic development by developing and analyzing an integrated dataset in both humans and dogs including characterization of intestinal permeability (IP), the microbiome, inflammatory and OA-related biomarkers and development or worsening of MJOA. Osteoarthritis (OA) is highly prevalent, a frequent cause of disability, and lacks highly effective therapies in both humans1, 2 and pet dogs3. Multiple joint OA (MJOA), referring to OA in more than one joint site within an individual, is common in both species4-6. Performing a systematic review that included ~30,000 people, we found a high frequency of MJOA based on most definitions (25-74%)7, 8. MJOA has a significant detrimental effect on sufferers with increased OA burden being associated with increased mortality and disability, poorer health and function7, 9-11. Despite its frequency and significant negative impact, MJOA remains poorly understood7, 8. Given the similar manifestations and therapies available for humans and dogs with MJOA3, pet dogs represent an ideal naturally occurring model of MJOA for study and mutual benefit. It is critical to determine underlying mechanism(s) driving MJOA in order to develop more effective therapies for the millions of human and canine patients afflicted. There are few modifiable risk factors for OA in general, and none specifically for MJOA. Although systemic factors such as soluble biomarkers, genetics and metabolism, are related to the overall body burden of OA (i.e., MJOA) rather than OA at single sites of OA, this is not often taken into account. These and other risk factors may act mechanistically, at least in part, by effects on the gut microbiome12, the impact of which is related to intestinal permeability (IP). Increased IP leading to low-level systemic inflammation has been associated with obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, and inflammatory bowel conditions13, 14. Systemic markers indirectly associated with IP and reflecting increased exposure to microbial products that may promote OA include lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS-binding protein (LBP). IP can also be directly assessed using the lactulose-mannitol dual sugar test (DST, humans), iohexol absorption (dogs) or in gut biopsies. Our group has demonstrated associations between LPS, LBP, disease severity, and clinical signs of knee OA15, 16, likely via LPS-driven low-grade inflammation. Fecal transplant from OA patients into germ-free mice with and without meniscal injury resulted in colonic mucosa bacterial invasion in mice transplanted with OA but not control microbiota, establishing a ????????????????gut microbiome-OA connection15.??????????????? To further elucidate the role of IP as a mechanism in MJOA, the proposed work will leverage two well-characterized observational human cohorts and an animal study: The JoCoOA, a longitudinal study of over 4000 Black and White men and women aged 45 and older and ongoing since 1991; The Johnston County Health Study (JoCoHS), an actively enrolling cohort (2019-, n~2000) with the same infrastructure as the JoCoOA with the addition of younger (35-70 years) and Hispanic individuals; naturally occurring MJOA in pet dogs17-22. Data from all three cohorts will be used to address the following 3 aims: 1. Determine cross-sectional associations between altered IP, systemic inflammation, and radiographic and symptomatic MJOA in humans and pet dogs by: a) assessing the frequency of increased IP both directly by the lactulose-mannitol DST and indirectly through determination of plasma LPS and LBP, along with assessment of inflammation and the microbiome, in 100 JoCoHS participants with and without MJOA, and b) determining the frequency of increased IP by directly analyzing intestinal biopsies using a 2-dimensional organoid approach and measuring iohexol absorption, and indirectly by measuring LPS and LBP, and characterizing inflammation and the microbiome in a cohort of pet dogs (n=?) with and without MJOA and not receiving c

Date: 05/01/22 - 4/30/27
Amount: $1,988,920.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, affects ~ 27M Americans and is increasing in incidence. It occurs due to degeneration of tissues comprising joints, and is associated with pain. OA pain is a major contributor to the burden of chronic pain in society. Current treatment options are limited to steroid injections, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), opioids and non-pharmacological approaches (exercise, weight loss). Unfortunately, each of these therapeutic approaches are problematic. Exercise, which helps weight management, is difficult for patients due to ongoing pain. NSAIDS can cause gastrointestinal irritation and bleeding and increase risk of heart attack or stroke, and opioids are associated with addiction and abuse (and can actually worsen chronic pain). Clearly, there is a critical need to identify new therapeutic targets and/or treatments for individuals suffering from OA pain. Here, we propose that a heretofore unrecognized neural pathway is a critical component of OA pain. This pathway involves ARTN, its receptor GFR????????3, and ???????????????pain?????????????????? channels on nerves (transient receptor potential [TRP] channels). Activation of this pathway initiates and maintains OA pain. The central hypothesis (based on preliminary data in multiple species [mouse, dog, cat, human]) is that ARTN, released from synovium of the OA joint in response to injury, results in de novo increase in its receptor, GFR????????3, in local and distant sensory nerves, producing local and widespread pain and hypersensitivity via Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase receptor (RET)-mediated upregulation of multiple downstream transient receptor potential (TRP) receptors. In this proposal, we will use multiple OA models and clinically relevant outcome measures, and leverage our unique access to dogs with naturally occurring OA, to achieve the following aims: Aim 1: To test the hypothesis that ARTN expression is increased in OA and is responsible for pain. Aim 2: To test the hypothesis that ARTN/GFR????????3 signaling is responsible for behaviorally manifested OA pain both in early and late stage disease. Aim 3: To test the hypothesis that RET-dependent ARTN/GFR????????3 signaling results in changes in multiple TRP channel expression and activation. Aim 4: To test/validate involvement of the above-described key molecules in a naturally occurring large animal model of OA (dog). Overall, this will be the first work investigating the role and mechanisms of ARTN/GFR????????3/TRP channel in OA pain and sensitivity. Based on solid, clinically relevant preliminary data, and leveraging PI expertise from two different and complementary disciplines, successful completion of this proposed work has the potential to identify clinically relevant neural mechanisms leading to the development of novel, effective therapeutics for the treatment of OA-pain in humans."

Date: 03/01/21 - 2/28/26
Amount: $1,379,719.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

More than 80% of patients undergoing treatment for head and neck cancer are prescribed opioid pain killers for management of radiation-associated pain, and unfortunately, 6 months after finishing radiotherapy, one-third of head and neck cancer patients will still be opioid-dependent. Chronic opioid use is associated with side effects such as constipation and decreased alertness; it can also lead to opioid abuse, misuse, addiction, and eventual overdose. Safer, more effective and less addictive pain relief strategies are desperately needed, and our proposed research addresses that need by investigating a novel radiation-activated pain signaling pathway that might serve as an excellent target that could be inhibited with new pain medications.

Date: 08/01/23 - 7/31/25
Amount: $109,129.00
Funding Agencies: American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation

In the United States, roughly 68 million veterinary visits are adversely affected by fearful behavior annually with negative consequences for canine welfare. Dog characteristics account for only a small portion (<7%) of the fear experienced in the clinical environment. It is critical that we address this knowledge gap regarding what drives fearful behavior in the clinic. We postulate that pain catastrophizing may be the missing factor. Pain catastrophizing is a cognitive and emotional response toward actual or anticipated pain, often characterized in humans by verbal reports and behavioral changes. People who are high in pain catastrophizing are at higher risk of pain-related interference in activity, development of chronic pain, and have worse health outcomes across a spectrum of diseases. In pediatric medicine, pain catastrophizing occurs in children and results in higher reported pain intensity scores and greater anxiety. Additionally, childrens??? pain experience is affected by caregivers who catastrophize about their child???s pain. Using the pediatric/caregivers model, we hypothesize that pain catastrophizing can be quantified in dogs using our novel experimental paradigm and is positively associated with owner catastrophizing about their dog???s pain. Establishing a measure of pain catastrophizing in dogs and understanding the owner influence on the phenomenon would be a major advance for veterinary medicine ??? specifically in pain management and behavioral health and welfare. Ultimately, our work will improve health outcomes including surgical recovery and management of chronic pain conditions ??? both of which have been shown in humans to be negatively affected by pain catastrophizing.

Date: 04/15/21 - 3/31/25
Amount: $94,403.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

In this project, I will work closely with Dr. Shyni Varghese and her team to optimize the methodology around the measurement of pain - sensitivity, activity, limb use. I will provide the apparatus to measure pronograde limb use. I will be present, and work ???????????????hands on?????????????????? to help set up and optimize the behavioral pain assay work, assist with data collection and data analysis.

Date: 04/23/20 - 12/31/24
Amount: $1,035,150.00
Funding Agencies: Hill's Pet Nutrition

Over half of dogs in the United States are overweight or obese, and many of these dogs show signs of osteoarthritis that can be corroborated by use of imaging technologies. Overweight dogs, especially those with osteoarthritis are not as likely to walk or run as other dogs, and their sleep may be disturbed by the discomfort they feel in their joints. The purpose of this clinical study is to evaluate the efficacy of an investigational food for aiding in the nutritional management of overweight adult dogs with osteoarthritis. It is expected that at the time of enrollment, all dogs will be overweight and exhibit lameness and pain attributable to chronic osteoarthritis. The study will employ collar-worn activity sensors to generate data that support new, quantitative claims. The primary endpoints of this study are to determine if sensor detected activities (walking, running, resting, sleep quality, and sleep time) are impacted by dietary intervention. The secondary endpoints are the clinical outcomes impacted by dietary intervention and the relationship of those outcomes to the sensor data. The tertiary endpoint of this study is to determine the feasibility of using sensor data to develop algorithms to detect gait changes associated with signs of osteoarthritis.

Date: 08/01/23 - 10/31/24
Amount: $515,254.00
Funding Agencies: Zoetis, LLC

Bedinvetmab is a fully canine monoclonal antibody targeting nerve growth factor, which plays an important role in pain signaling in dogs. It has been approved for osteoarthritis pain management in Europe, Canada, and some other countries. The efficacy of Bedinvetmab has been shown using a subjective measure, however, has not been tested using an objective measure. The gait analysis has been validated as an objective measure of changes in limb use as it relates to joint pain in dogs and has been used to determine the efficacy of an analgesic in dog OA studies. The study will be a prospective, single-center, randomized, double-blinded, noninferiority study. We hypothesized that subcutaneous injection of Bedinvetmab will be non-inferior to an active comparator (grapiprant) based on improvement in limb function. Additionally, it will improve owner assessment scores and activity in dogs with naturally occurring OA.

Date: 04/01/21 - 9/30/24
Amount: $5,000.00
Funding Agencies: ACVO Vision for Animals Foundation

To use quantitative sensory testing (QST) to compare pain in dogs with chronic glaucoma following pharmacologic ciliary body ablation (CBA) and enucleation

Date: 09/12/20 - 8/31/24
Amount: $1,238,264.00
Funding Agencies: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Osteoarthritis (OA) affects nearly 100 million Americans, with being the most common form of arthritis and a leading cause of pain and disability. Prevalence and incidence of the disorder are predicted to increase as a result of increased lifespan and obesity. Symptomatic treatments are often ineffective, and/or associated with severe side effects and there is over-reliance on opioids. Recent insurance claim data indicate that >50% of OA were treated with opioids for OA pain, and many OA patients on opioids have become opioid-dependent. Despite the fact that OA is a leading cause of disability, and imposes an annual economic burden exceeding $60 billion, there is no way as yet to cure OA or prevent its progression. There is an urgent need to identify and validate therapeutic targets for pain (symptom) management and to decrease disease progression. Results from our group and others found that a striking feature of OA is the dramatic increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and in new blood vessel formation in the joints, both of which correlate with the severity of OA joint pain1. Also, genomic studies revealed that vegf, as an OA marker whose expression is strongly associated with symptomatic OA progression in humans. FDA approval of several inhibitors of the VEGF pathway (i.e., for cancer treatment) has enabled significant advances in the therapy of diseases related to pathological angiogenesis. However, there are multiple VEGF ligands with redundant and compensatory roles4 that may contribute to OA progression and pain. Thus, targeting individual ligands may be less efficacious than targeting multiple ligands. Specifically, VEGF ligands signal via two receptors, VEGFR-1 (known as Flt1) and VEGFR-2 (known as Flk1). We hypothesize that VEGFR-2/Flk1 is primarily responsible for cartilage tissue degeneration during OA progression, while activation of VEGFR-1/Flt1 appears to be the major driver of joint pain transmission. Thus, targeting both Flt1 and Flk1 should simultaneously elicit dual function: (i) immediate symptom alleviation and (ii) gradual cartilage tissue regeneration, and restoring joint function.

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